Indian National Trade Union Congress

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Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)
राष्ट्रीय मजदूर कांग्रेस
INTUC logo.png
Full nameIndian National Trade Union Congress
Founded3 May 1947
Members33.3 Million(Claimed)[1]
Key peopleG. Sanjeeva Reddy (President)
Office location4, Bhai Veer Singh Marg, New Delhi

Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) is the trade union wing of the Indian National Congress. It was founded on 3 May 1947 and is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation. According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, INTUC had a membership of 3,892,011 in 2002.[2] INTUC now have a membership of 3,33,00,000.

Birth and growth of INTUC[edit]

The foundation of INTUC on 3 May 1947 just 3 months before India attained independence.

Acharya JB Kripalani, who was then President of the Indian National Congress inaugurated the Founding conference of INTUC. Among the distinguished leaders who attended the opening session were Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Shankarrao Deo, Jagjivan Ram, B. G. Kher, OP Mehtab, Aruna Asaf Ali, Ram Manohar Lohia, Ashoka Mehta, Ramchandra Sakharam Ruikar, Maniben Patel and other prominent trade unionists.[3]

Under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi, the founding fathers in their wisdom preferred to let the INTUC have an independent identity with its own constitution, while at the same time functioning as an arm of the Congress.

INTUC Congress relationship[edit]

Since inception, INTUC has been maintaining very close relationship with AICC. On several occasions there have been discussions over the relationship between INTUC and AICC and the need for having continuous dialogue between the two organisations on issues of mutual interests. In order to have regular interaction between the INTUC & AICC a five-member Committee was appointed by the AICC in 1967 and Gulzarilal Nanda was the Convener. Similarly during 2002, an Advisory Committee was formed under the Chairmanship of Pranab Mukherjee. Three General Secretaries represented AICC in the Committee. On behalf of INTUC, G. Sanjeeva Reddy President, Rajendra prasad General Secretary and two Vice-Presidents represented. Later G. Sanjeeva Reddy was included in the CWC.

Objectives of INTUC[edit]

To establish an order of society which is free from hindrance in the way on an all round development of its individual members, which fosters the growth of human personality in all its aspects and goes to the utmost limit in progressively eliminating social political or economic exploitation and inequality, the profit motive in the economic activity and organisation of society and the anti-social concentration in any form.

To place industry under national ownership and control in suitable form in order to realise the aforesaid objectives in the quickest time.

To organise society in such a manner as to ensure full employment and the best utilisation of its manpower and other resources.

To secure increasing association of the worker in the administration of industry and their full participation in its control.

To promote generally the social civic and political interest of the working class to secure an effective and complete organisation of all categories of workers, including agricultural labour.

To guide and co-ordinate the activities of the affiliated organisations.

To assist and co-ordinate the activities of the affiliated organisations.

To assist in the formation of trade unions.

To promote the organisation of workers of each industry on a nationwide basis.

To assist in the formation of Regional or Pradesh Branches or Federations.

To secure speedy improvement of conditions of work and life and of the status of the workers in industry and society.

To obtain for the workers various measures of social security, including adequate provision in respect of accidents, maternity, sickness, old age and unemployment.

To secure a living wage for every worker in normal employment and to bring about a progressive improvement in the workers standard of living.

To regulate hours and other conditions of work in keeping with the conditions of the workers and to ensure the proper enforcement of legislation for the protection and up-lift of labour.

To establish just industrial relations.

To secure redressal of grievances, without stoppages of work, by means of negotiations and conciliation and failing these by arbitration or adjudication.

To take recourse to other legitimate method, including strikes or any suitable form of satyagraha, where adjudication is not applied and settlement of disputes within a reasonable time by arbitration is not available for the redress of grievances.

To make necessary arrangements for the efficient conduct satisfactory and speedy conclusion of authorised strikes or satyagraha.

To foster the spirit of solidarity, service, brotherhood co-operation and mutual help among the workers.

To develop in the workers a sense of responsibility towards the industry and community.

To raise the workers' standard of efficiency and discipline.


The INTUC's current affiliates are:[4]

  • All India National Life Insurance Employees' Federation
  • Central Government Employees' Confederation
  • Federation of National Postal Organisations
  • Indian National Bank Employees' Federations
  • Indian National Bank Officers' Congress
  • Indian National Building Construction, Forest & Woodworkers' Federation
  • Indian National Cement Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Chemical Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Defence Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Electricity Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Food and Drink Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Jute Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Metal Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Mineworkers' Federation
  • Indian National Municipal and Local Bodies Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Paper Mill Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Plantation Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Port and Dock Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Rural Labour Federation
  • Indian National Salaried Employees' and Professional Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Sugar Mill Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Textile Workers' Federation
  • Indian National Transport Workers' Federation
  • National Federation of Indian Railwaymen
  • National Federation of Petroleum Workers
  • National Federation of Telecommunication Organisations



# Name Took office Left office
1 Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel 1947 1948
2 Pratap Singh 1948 1950
3 Khandubhai Desai 1950 1952
4 Michael John 1952 1955
5 Gopala Ramanujam 1958 1960
6 Kamakhya P. Tripathi 1960 1968
7 Abid Ali 1968 1970
8 Mrs. Maitreyee Bose 1970 1972
9 Bijoy Chandra Bhagwati[5] 1972 1978
10 N. K. Bhatt[6] 1978 1984
11 Pt. Bindeshwari Dubey[7] May 1984 March 1985
12 Gopala Ramanujam March 1985 3 August 1994
13 G. Sanjeeva Reddy 3 August 1994 Incubent

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ India Business Yearbook 2009 Career Launcher India Ltd - 2009by - Page 284 The Congress INTUC was born on May 3, 1947 as a historic necessity, just before India attained independence. ... Its founders included Ashok Mehta, RS Ruikar, Maniben Patel..Later,..
  4. ^ "Industrial Federation". Indian National Trade Union Congress. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  5. ^ Hazarika, Sanjoy (14 October 2000). Strangers of the Mist: Tales of War and Peace from India's Northeast. ISBN 9788184753349.
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links[edit]