40oz. to Freedom
|40oz. to Freedom|
|Studio album by|
|Recorded||1991–1992 at Mambo in Long Beach, California|
40oz. to Freedom is the 1992 debut album by the Southern California ska-punk band Sublime released by Skunk Records and again by MCA. 40oz. to Freedom received mixed critical reviews upon its first release but has earned an improved public perception since. Sublime would not achieve any mainstream success until the release of their eponymous album in 1996, two months after the death of their lead singer and guitarist, Bradley Nowell. As of 2011, the album has certified sales of two million copies in the US and is Sublime's second best-selling studio album there (the self-titled album leads with six million). Along with The Offspring's 1994 album Smash, 40oz. to Freedom is one of the highest-selling independently released albums of all time.
40oz. to Freedom's sound blended various forms of Jamaican music, including ska ("Date Rape"), rocksteady ("54-46 That's My Number"), roots reggae ("Smoke Two Joints"), and dub ("Let's Go Get Stoned", "D.J.s") along with hardcore punk ("New Thrash", "Hope") and hip hop (as in "Live at E's").
At the age of sixteen, Bradley Nowell began playing guitar and started his first band, Hogan's Heroes, with Michael Yates and Eric Wilson, who would later become Sublime's bassist. At first, Wilson did not share Nowell's interest in reggae music. Nowell recalled the experience: "I was trying to get them to do (UB40's version of) 'Cherry Oh Baby', and it didn't work. They tried, but it just sounded like such garbage. We were horrible."
In 1990, music student Michael "Miguel" Happoldt approached the band, offering to let the band record in the studio at the school where Happoldt was studying. The band enthusiastically agreed and broke into the school at night, where they recorded from midnight to seven in the morning. The recording session resulted in the popular cassette tape called Jah Won't Pay the Bills, which was released in 1991. The tape helped the band gain a grassroots following throughout Southern California. Using the same tactics implemented for the recording of Jah Won't Pay the Bills, the band recorded 40oz. to Freedom in secrecy at the studios in California State University, Dominguez Hills. Nowell recalled "You weren't supposed to be in there after 9 p.m., but we'd go in at 9:30 and stay until 5 in the morning. We'd just hide from the security guards. They never knew we were there. We managed to get $30,000 worth of studio time for free."
Sublime themselves credit a number of local reggae and rap bands from California for inspiration in their Thanx Dub. In addition to explicit mentions of artists like KRS-One and Half Pint, Nowell makes copious allusions to others through his lyrics. The line "Stolen from an Africa land" in "Don't Push", for example, alludes to Bob Marley's "Buffalo Soldier". References are also made to Boomtown Rats, Beastie Boys, Tenor Saw, Pink Floyd, The Specials, The Ziggens, Minutemen, Jimi Hendrix, Just-Ice, Fishbone, Public Enemy, and Flavor Flav, among others.
The album has six covers:
- "Smoke Two Joints" (by The Toyes)
- "We're Only Gonna Die" (by Bad Religion)
- "54-46 That's My Number" (by Toots & the Maytals)
- "Scarlet Begonias" (by Grateful Dead)
- "Rivers of Babylon" (by The Melodians)
- "Hope" (by the Descendents)
The song "Don't Push" contains lyrics from the Beastie Boys song "Looking Down the Barrel of a Gun". The song "D.J.s" contains a lyric from Bob Marley's "Ride Natty Ride" with "Dred gotta a job to do". The song "D.J.s" closes with lyrics from the Dandy Livingstone song "Rudy, A Message to You" which was popularized by The Specials, another band often credited as a Sublime influence. In "New Thrash," the words "There ain't no life nowhere" can be heard in the background, a reference to the Jimi Hendrix Experience song "I Don't Live Today" where the same words can be heard. "New Song" starts the same as the 1990 song 'The Nigga Ya Love To Hate' by Ice Cube, with the line "I heard payback's a motherfuckin".
The album was originally released by Skunk Records on compact disc and cassette. The original cassette version contained a longer version of the track "Thanx"; the cassette version was 5:56, while the length was 4:23 on all other releases of the album. A longer instrumental version of the recording appears on the compilation Second-hand Smoke as "Thanx Dub", with a length of 6:28.
The album was reissued by Gasoline Alley Records and MCA with a different track listing, removing the song "Get Out!" and the hidden track "Rawhide" due to copyright issues — "Get Out!" contained unlicensed samples, and "Rawhide", which appeared at the end of "Date Rape", was an uncredited cover of the theme to the TV series of the same name. However, in the album booklet, the lyrics for "Get Out!" are still printed. Additionally, other unlicensed samples were removed from the songs "We're Only Gonna Die for Our Arrogance" and "Let's Go Get Stoned".
The reedited version was released as a picture disc limited edition vinyl album in 2002, following the sixth anniversary of the events of 1996. A limited edition vinyl was released through Hot Topic in 2010.
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Pitchfork gave the album a mixed review, acknowledging its influence while also critiquing the band for attempting to include too many contradictory styles and influences at once, creating an incoherent sound, saying, "The debut album from the SoCal trio is a flawed artifact of ’90s alt-rock, punk, ska, and hip-hop, but remains a fascinating document of Bradley Nowell as the honey-voiced musical tourist bro."
The author of the article also called the album "prescient" in foreshadowing the role hip-hop would have on late 1990s rock, adding that much of the influence of the album was the lifestyle captured in the lyrics, adding, "the album resonated because it captured a lifestyle. Rejecting the smoldering angst of the grunge music that was beginning to take root on the radio, Sublime made revelry their primary muse, detailing parties, hookups, and bad decisions with such rowdy immediacy." The article also remarks that "time hasn't flattered" the album due to the lyrical content concerning consent and treatment of women.
Remembering the album on the 25th anniversary of its release, LA Weekly wrote, "If 40oz. to Freedom revels in its careening, narcotic whimsy, that's partially why it's stood the test of time. At its core, music is utilitarian, and Sublime reached a universality of experience that can't become obsolete."
Since its release in 1992, the album has proved to be a seller over time, moving over two million copies in the US alone and being certified Multi Platinum by the RIAA.
|1.||"Waiting for My Ruca"||Sublime||2:20|
|3.||"40oz. to Freedom"||Sublime||3:02|
|4.||"Smoke Two Joints"||Miguel||2:53|
|5.||"We're Only Gonna Die for Our Arrogance"||Greg Graffin||3:27|
|7.||"5446 That's My Number/Ball and Chain"||Frederick Hibbert||5:17|
|9.||"Let's Go Get Stoned"||3:32|
|12.||"Live at E's"||3:08|
|14.||"Chica Me Tipo"||2:16|
|16.||"What Happened"||B.B. King||3:27|
|19.||"Date Rape / Rawhide"||4:38|
|22.||"Rivers of Babylon"||2:29|
|1.||"Waiting for My Ruca"||Sublime||2:20|
|2.||"40oz. to Freedom"||Sublime||3:02|
|3.||"Smoke Two Joints"||Miguel||2:53|
|4.||"We're Only Gonna Die for Our Arrogance"||Greg Graffin||3:27|
|6.||"5446 That's My Number/Ball and Chain"||Frederick Hibbert||5:17|
|8.||"Let's Go Get Stoned"||3:32|
|11.||"Live at E's"||3:08|
|13.||"Chica Me Tipo"||2:16|
|15.||"What Happened"||B.B. King||3:27|
|21.||"Rivers of Babylon"||2:29|
- Bradley Nowell – vocals, guitar, and percussion
- Eric Wilson – bass, vocals (track #12), and xylophone (track #22)
- Bud Gaugh – drums and percussion (tracks #8, #9, #13, and #17)
- Marshall “Ras Mg” Goodman – drums (all tracks except #8, #9, #13, and #17), turntables, samples, and vocals (track #12)
- Brian Wallace – baritone saxophone
- Chris Hauser – trumpet
- Michael “Miguel” Happoldt - vocals for Thanx, producer, mixer, unofficial member
- Producers: Michael "Miguel" Happoldt, Sublime, Elephant Levitation
- Engineers: Anthony Antoine Arvizu, Steve McNeil
- Mastering: Brian Gardner
- Artwork: Opie Ortiz
- Photos: Josh Coffman
|1995||40oz. to Freedom||Heatseekers||No. 15|
- Smith, RJ (1997-01-06). "Drug Bust: When Brad Nowell Died of a Heroin Overdose". Spin. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- Boehm, Mike (May 4, 1995). "Sublime Making the Most of '40oz.' of Success". Los Angeles Times. Eddy Hartenstein. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Sublime". Behind the Music. May 30, 2001. VH1. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
- Freedom du Lac, J. (November 5, 1995). "Ska's the Limit for Controversial Band Sublime". The Sacramento Bee. Cheryl Dell.
- "sublime STP". sublime STP. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
- Allmusic Review
- Punknews.org Review
- Rytlewski, Evan. "Sublime: 40oz. to Freedom Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- Cross, Charles R. (2004). "Sublime". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 790. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Jeff Weiss (2 August 2017). "The Haters Are Wrong: Sublime's 40oz. to Freedom Is a Long Beach Classic". LA Weekly. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- RIAA – Gold & Platinum Archived June 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (type in "Sublime" in the artist box)
- "Try the TIDAL Web Player". listen.tidal.com. Retrieved 15 January 2019.