|563 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1316|
|Balinese saka calendar||484–485|
|Chinese calendar||壬午年 (Water Horse)|
3259 or 3199
— to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
3260 or 3200
|- Vikram Samvat||619–620|
|- Shaka Samvat||484–485|
|- Kali Yuga||3663–3664|
|Iranian calendar||59 BP – 58 BP|
|Islamic calendar||61 BH – 60 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1349 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||874/875 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1105–1106|
689 or 308 or −464
— to —
690 or 309 or −463
Year 563 (DLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 563 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Emperor Justinian I pardons Belisarius; he orders his release from prison, and restores his properties and honours. He permits the general to live in obscurity, and gives him a veterans' pension.
- The new Hagia Sophia (cost: 20,000 pounds of gold), with its numerous chapels and shrines, octagonal dome and mosaics, becomes the centre and most visible monument of Eastern Orthodoxy.
- The Tauredunum event: A mountain landslide into the Rhone river destroys a fort and two villages, and creates a tsunami in Lake Geneva. The wave which reaches Lausanne is thirteen metres high, and eight metres high by the time it hits Geneva. Describing the event, Marius Aventicensis writes that the tsunami "devastated very old villages with their men and cattle, it even destroyed many sacred places", and swept away "the bridge in Geneva, windmills and men".
- Columba, Irish missionary monk, travels to Scotland with twelve companions. He lands on the Kintyre Peninsula, near Southend, and begins his evangelising mission to the Picts. On the island of Iona, he founds a monastery (Iona Abbey) on the west coast in the Inner Hebrides.
- January –Cutzinas, Berber chieftain
- Hou Andu, general of the Chen Dynasty (b. 520)
- Wang, empress of the Liang Dynasty
- P. Heather, The Fall of the Roman Empire: "A New History of Rome and the Barbarians", p. 283
- "Lake Geneva 'may face tsunami risk'". Daily Telegraph. October 28, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- "Des chercheurs reconstituent le tsunami du lac Léman de l’an 563", Le Monde, 28 October 2012