Talk:Islam in China

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Untitled[edit]

I think there is an error. I highly doubt that there are 1.2 billion Muslims in China. I don't know the correct figure. Could the author have meant 'million'?

Folks, if we call one "Muslim" by FAITH ONLY, then I would believe AT LEAST 50% Hui in China are NOT Muslims. --Henrysh 19:43, 21 December 2006 (UTC)
The article says 2 percent of the total population of China which is 1.2 billion. In any case, the whole article needs to be rewritten. There is much more to say about Islam in China OneGuy 03:35, 1 Jan 2005 (UTC)

note by Khalifa Saleh, you are right it cannot be 1.2 billion. According to this source http://www.islamicpopulation.com/asia_general.html China's Muslim population is 39.1 million. It estimates to around 3%. This is according to the 2005 records. (Sorry I didn't know where to reply) —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 86.137.251.181 (talkcontribs) .

That source suggests that the CIA World Factbook is used as its source. The Factbook says the Muslim population is 1%-2% - that's around 20 million. Martin Jensen 10:14, 23 September 2006 (UTC)

Why is there no critique added to the main page about Islam in China?[edit]

If there is no critique at all involved then I refuse to believe a word of it. Every good article has cited critics and debates related to the article in topic. This is to give a more reflected view of the case and to not make it seem like propaganda.

84.209.4.79 01:33, 18 June 2007 (UTC)

Invitation to join Wikipedia:WikiProject Uyghurs of Western China[edit]

Hello, I am looking to organize a WikiProject focusing on creating and expanding articles relating to the Uyghurs, including their history, cultural life (including Islamic practices), politics (separatist movements past and present, overseas disapora, etc), as well as information about the Xinjiang area more broadly. I'm fairly new to Wikipedia so any help interested parties can offer on this undertaking would be much appreciated, thanks! --MC MasterChef 23:29, 27 Mar 2005 (UTC)

Hajj[edit]

The article says there is no record of Chinese making the Hajj before 1861. Didn't Zheng He make a side trip to Mecca on his last voyage?

ςפקιДИτς 02:30, 21 October 2005 (UTC)

Do you have evidence that he did? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 182.239.247.137 (talk) 08:11, 29 August 2018 (UTC)

"The Yuan Dynasty embraced Islam."[edit]

"The Yuan Dynasty embraced Islam." What does this mean? A Chinese Emperor became Muslim? Made Islam the state religion? Instituted Sharia?

They encouraged its use. I guess you could call George W. Bush someone who embraces Christianity, and you can say he encourages its use, although he did not make it the state religion. Elle vécut heureuse à jamais (Be eudaimonic!) 22:03, 25 April 2006 (UTC)
I think the language is a little misleading. In English, (at least to me) that terminology seems to imply that somebody (a Yuan Emperor, presumably) converted, I'd think it would be better off saying 'encouraged' or something similar. George Bush 'Embraces Christianity' because he is a Christian. The Ming Emperors did not 'Embrace Christianity' when they allowed the Jesuits to train the local intellectuals and proselytize. Also, I think the entire tone of that section is a little imprecise. The Yuan didn't so much rely on Muslims to run China, but foreigners (Non Han). Yes, lots of those foreigners were Muslim, but there were lots of Non-Muslims as well. It wasn't for the entire Empire either, as lots of Chinese were sent out of China to administrative positions. Sort of a fracturing/divide and conquer strategy.
The Yuan Dynasty embraced Islam. That's true. A cursory reading of history reveals that from the times of Chengiz Khan, the emperors of the Yuan dynasty were Muslim. Their reigns also officially carried Muslim names. After the end of the Yuan dynasty, the emperors of China stopped using Muslim names. But I am not sure how to put it in so many words. By the way, the Mughal dynasty of India are direct descendants of the Yuan dynasty (eg.. Chengiz Khan -> Taimur -> Babur)
!!! That is. . . . wrong to say the least. Genghis Khan was never a Muslim, neither were any of his sons or Grandsons. Please tell me you are aware that the Yuan Dynasty was not founded by Genghis? I'm going to change the paragraph back to the more neutral wording . . . Please provide sources.Minguo 01:53, 27 September 2006 (UTC)
Why do you bothering arguing with them anyway, it is well-known that the Mongolians embraced a version of Tibetan Buddhism, and even though Genghis Khan conquered many parts of Centra Asia & Southwest Asia, Mongolians was never part of the Islamic culture nor contributed anything to it. --Indefinitevirtue 04:28, 27 September 2006 (UTC)
An anonymous user keeps changing the article to claim that the Yuan Dynasty was Islamic. This is bizarre and [[Yuan_Dynasty#Impact | very very wrong]. The user seems to be under the impression that the Yuan emperors were Muslims who were encouraging specifically Muslim immigration and elevating specifically Muslim officials over natives. As the Yuan Dynasty article and my previous comments state, this is not true. In the latest edit, the user links them with the Mughals of India. The Yuans and the Mughals have no relation other than a common ancestry in the Pagan Mongol barbarians. The Yuan dynasty certainly did not send administrators to India or vice versa. This puzzling (nationalist? sectarian?) agenda puts the rest of the article in a very bad light. A shame, because it would be a fascinating subject. Minguo 19:34, 6 October 2006 (UTC)
The Mughal emperors claims to have been decended from the Genghis Khan and his families, which predates the Mughal Empire by centuries does not mean either the Mongols or Genghis Khan were Muslims.--Balthazarduju 01:37, 3 November 2006 (UTC)

Tang Dynasty[edit]

The Arab and Persian immigrants introduced polo, their cuisine, their musical instruments ... coincidentally, polo is not just a sport, but also a rice dish (the word itself is cognate to pilaf). Just to make things even more confusing, both the sport and the dish trace their origins to Central Asia. History records that the sport was popular in China around this time, but does anyone know about the dish? =) cab 15:37, 11 May 2006 (UTC)

General Chinese Islamic male/female Names[edit]

I have made a section listing general chinese islamic male/female names. It would be great if someone with the knowlege would expand it. Jidan 19:36, 19 August 2006 (UTC)

POPULATION OF MUSLIMS[edit]

can any one tell me the correct no of muslims in china

Hmm, the Hui people would make a large bulk, would it not? Elle vécut heureuse à jamais (Be eudaimonic!) 02:02, 28 July 2006 (UTC)
I have put in some "real" numbers, i.e., the official population figures from China's 1990 and 2000 census, as the best estimate of the number of Muslims in China. I also put in a note about the census undercount issue for 2000 census in particular, including sources.
The BBC reference says that there are anywhere from 20 million to 100 million Muslims in China. But although the 20 million figures probably comes directly from 2000 census report of 20.3 million, the 100 million figure comes from thin air. There is no reference to where that larger number comes from, and no discussion of alternative sources or estimates. So just citing the "BBC" does not make this 100 million number plausible or authoritative.
So when I put in the reported numbers from the 1990 and 2000 censuses of China, why was this information deleted and the purely speculative numbers left in? Moreover, the changes even deleted information about the specific population counts of each of the Muslim nationalities -- yet those counts are already published elsewhere in Wikipedia for several of these nationalities in the articles on Uighurs, Hui people, etc.
If someone wants to write a section on "alternative population estimates," then they should do so, but let's not obscure what is known with some certainty, namely the census counts, by deleting that information and endorsing a purely speculative large number without any documentation at all.--Mack2 14:53, 13 September 2006 (UTC)
Second-largest religion link given. Please don't remove it.

POPULATION OF MUSLIMS (PART 2)[edit]

Stop giving out faulty information of Muslims in China. There are probably three different citations on the number of Muslims that constitute China's religious demographics; and all three give very DIFFERENT numbers, ranging from 20 million to 200 million. Please give more accurate sources next time. Thanks.

the thing is that the populatin in china is speculative we should use all our resorces to clarifythat Madman 0014 10:24, 17 September 2006 (UTC)

I am glad that someone put the Accuracy tag on this piece. There is only one official count of the population of China: the census. It is considered by demographers outside the the country to be very accurate, though like all censuses suffers from some undercount. In the case of Chinese Muslims, this article used to have some truly wild numbers in it (400 million!), but even after that was eliminated people were still citing the speculative 100 million number given in a BBC article, a number that has been given no foundation whatsoever. I would argue that the "best estimate" is the 20.3 million which is derived from the 2000 census and that to give wildly higher numbers is not responsible unless somebody can cite credible sources (but see next paragraph). (The BBC is credible perhaps but not on this subject since it seems to have pulled the 100 million number out of the air.). The 40 million number that someobody inserted recently (linked to another Wikipedia page) is nothing more than a WFG that is roughly double the count in the Chinese census. (But it's nowhere near the 100 million that the BBC put at the top end of its 20-100 million range, or the 400 million number that was here a couple of months ago, and that somebody else judiciously eliminated.)—--Mack2 22:12.

It seems to me that if there is to be a reasoned debate about the number of Chinese Muslims, it would have to focus not simply on the source of information but also on how "Muslim" is defined or determined. It has been conventional to count up the population of the 10 nationalities that are deemed to be Muslim nationalities, so that in effect all persons who are counted as members of those nationalities are assumed to be Muslims. That's where the 20.3 million figure comes from for the year 2000. I had also put in a citation from the 1990 census which somebody deleted for no reason that I can see of ca. 16.7 million (the figures are also cited in the article by Drew Gladney that I had listed but somebody deleted). However, if there were some way to actually count the number of believers in Islam, this number would be different, no doubt, from the count of people in the census who belong to the 10 Muslim nationalities. It could even be lower, however, since some of the members of those nationalities may not be believers. Could it be higher? Possibly, but on what factual basis would someone come up with a 40 million number? --Mack2 22:24, 17 September 2006 (UTC)

In my opinion, only statistics from credible or "official" sources should be used, such as the US Department of State's report on International Religious Freedom, CIA World Fact Book, United Nations Reports on Religious Populations... All these bunch of different statistics from websites posted by Madman 0014 just seems so not neutral and full of agendas. --Indefinitevirtue 15:31, 26 September 2006 (UTC)
Somebody keeps bringing back the totally fanciful 100 million figure from the BBC, and then saying "some sources" when in fact the BBC is the only source for such an extremely high figure. The BBC figure is totally fictional, and not supported by any source or even citation to credible evidence. I wanted to revert the article but instead just edited this claim once again so that nobody assumes automatically that there is a basis for the BBC figure.--Mack2 15:08, 9 October 2006 (UTC)

The figure of 100 million comes from the two census taking during the more neutral period of china against religions, namely the china year book of 1938, which put the figure at 50 million, and the 1949 census under changkaishek who put the figure at 45-50 million. The figure of 100 million is derived from the total population of china doubling since then, and the expectation that the muslim population also doubled as per the example of everywhere else in the world. It is also based on the fact that Islam has been in China for the last 1400 years, and the seperate kindgom of what is now Qinghai, Gangsu and Nigxia being a muslim sultanate under the xibei san ma. see http://www.muslimwikipedia.com/mw/index.php/Five_Ma. And so it would be innacurate just to put the official government statistic of 20.6 million .

But this argument assumes that the counts in 1938 and 1949 were accurate, a questionable assumption. Projecting from this assumption to the year 2000 is also therefore questionable. Where are the "missing 80 million"? Not hiding in Xinjiang, that's for sure. Assimilated? If so, are they still Muslims? Or were they not actually there to begin with? It's all pure speculation. In any case, citing the BBC as a "source" for the 100 million figure is unjustified since the BBC article does not explain (much less justify) where it got the number.--Mack2 10:59, 11 October 2006 (UTC)

There is NO reason to put the accuracy of the current regime against the two earlier sources .one from the national government at the time, and the other from and independent source. Modern china has a long history of religious persecution , including the closure of mosques, churches etc. Have you ascertained how the figure of 20 million was derived. Was a national compulsory census taken? The figure of 100 million , is to be honest a more accurate figure.

Sure there is. Just because you might distrust the Chinese government doesn't justify pulling a number out of the air with no documentation or justification. Also, lots of demographers inside and outside China have worked with their census and other population statistics (from censuses and surveys) during the last 20 years or so, and by and large these figures are highly trusted. Again I ask, where are they hiding 80 million uncounted Muslims?--Mack2 02:27, 12 October 2006 (UTC)


lol, so the 1949 census was out of thing air, and the china year book was out of thin air, and the population growth is out of thin air. In 1949 they spent years with demographers inside and outside china to compile their figures. If there where 50 million muslims in China in 1949, and the population of china has doubled and in every single country in the world the muslim population has doubled, what happened to china. Did the muslim population shrink by a half whilst the rest of the population doubled. And if so would you trust the census of a government that reduced a muslim population by half. No the answer is quite simple the present census reflects the governments stance against religion and is totally innacurate.

Exactly, do not believe all they say on the tv!sry for my bad english83.148.238.194 (talk) 14:59, 22 April 2009 (UTC)

POPULATION OF MUSLIMS (PART 3)[edit]

The insertion of totally unsubstantiated and implausible figures for the number of Muslims in China keeps on and on. Soon we will be back to the earlier claim that 1/3 of China's population are Muslims. Those who assert that there are as many as 100 million or even 200 million Muslims have to tell us where those Muslims are located -- are they hiding in the Gobi? Are they in the underground aqueducts of Xinjiang (I didn't see millions of people hiding there when I visited those aqueducts)?

The census of 2000 counted 20.3 million total population in the 10 nationalities that are commonly said to be "Muslim" nationalities. While conceivably there could be an undercount of the population of those groups, or perhaps there are some other Muslims among the Han population, what could possibly justify saying there are 80 to 180 million more than were counted in the census? Extrapolating from 1950 without any attempt to validate the original numbers just doesn't wash. Where are those people located if they are alive and living in China?

More important, the usefulness of this article on Islam in China shouldn't hinge on exaggerated claims of the number of adherents to Islam. Stick to what you can verify, while using some reasonable judgment. Don't just put numbers in because they are big and somebody said those are the right ones. And give some thought to what China would really be like, as you travel across it, if there were another 100-200 million Muslims. Wouldn't you see signs of this somewhere? Again, where are those "extra" people?

As an indication of how dishonest 81.179.191.7's insertions have been, look at the recent history. First he put in a claim that the Asia Times "corroborated" the BBC's range of 20-100 million Muslims. But he didn't give his source, so I deleted the reference. Second, he came back with the reference, which in fact did NOT corroborate the 20-100 million Muslim range; on the contrary, it said there are no reliable figures but the range is probably 20-30 million (not the 20-100 million asserted by BBC). (The BBC article, btw/ does nothing to explain where it got its figures. The 20 million figure plausibly came from the 2000 census.) In response to the misleading claim that Asia Times had corroborated the BBC, I quoted a full sentence from the Asia Times article that 81.179.191.7 himself had cited, so that 81.179.191.7 would not make more false claims based on that source. So 81.179.191.7 was caught in a deception. Then what happened? 81.179.191.7 made even more implausible claims -- even suggesting that there were 200 million Muslims in China. Well that figure was 10 times the number counted in the census, and 2 times the number in the BBC, and 6-7 times the maximum range mentioned in the Asia Times (a source that 81.179.191.7 presumably had thought credible this morning). If the Asia Times was so authoritative earlier today in giving a range of 20-30 million, why does 81.179.191.7 now contradict his own source and come in with totally fanciful numbers (the types of numbers there were given in this article a couple of months ago and deleted by other contributors).

Somebody in a position of responsibility needs to intervene here.--Mack2 00:59, 18 October 2006 (UTC)

When a government purposely plays down anything, it means there's *more* to it. The more emphasis of playing down / being vague, the larger the population actually is. The central governement is currently offering economic incentives to Han Chinese to relocate to Muslim areas in an effort to cleanse the majority and re-define. NPR News quotes local Uyghur construction workers receiving less than 1/8 the wages of the bussed-in Han Chinese, as well as the Central governement's killing of a prominent Uyghur businessman (died of a 'heart attack' while in police custody in his late thirties).

This website is inaccessible from inside China. The Communist government divides Muslims into artificial ethnic sub-categories within main categories. Hence the confusion.
What the hell are you talking about you douchebag? The Bonan, Dongxiang and Hui are seperate ethnic groups! 205.188.116.197 03:12, 22 October 2006 (UTC)
Its common knowledge that almost 10 out of 30 provinces have Muslim majority. They are in the north and west. But China simply lists most of them as Mongols. Infact, they don't list even Genghis Khan and his Yuan dynasty as Muslims. That's the greatest fraud ever.
Wow, you are an embrassasment to our religion. I am an Iranian Muslim, and I feel people like you are a plague on our faith. No wonder today we have a reputation jingoists, when there are people like you who have probably never read a single history book in your life, and come out with complee crap. What univeristy did you study history at? If you havent, then what right do you have to dispute actual experts? The Mongols were primarily a pagan/shamanistic people. Regional rulers converted to the regional majority religion as a means of social integration - today most Chinese and Mongolian Mongols follow Tibetan Buddhism. 217.44.116.190 01:31, 4 March 2007 (UTC)
that is total bullshit and you know it
Chinese Muslims outnumber their Indian counterparts 2-to-1 but they continue to live in oppression.
May I suggest that (a) you sign your comment, so we know whom to address, and (b) you document what you call "common knowledge." Document it here if you can, so that others can see what is meant. What numbers are you proposing, and where do you get the numbers? Thank you.--Mack2 04:09, 18 October 2006 (UTC)
Ok not this $#** again. 81.179.191.7 should be ignored and banned immediately, seriously where exactly is he pulling his fabricated "facts" from? 81.179.191.7 is obviously some douchebag Muslim kid who feels that Muslims are oppressed and feels the need to blow himself up. Genghis Khan was not a Muslim, he practice tradtional Mongol shamanism, unless all of a sudden, 81.179.191.7, the great revisionist of history has incorperated Mongol shamanism into Islam. The Yuan Dynasty emperors were patrons of Buddhism, unless and I say unless for some reason or another, Buddhism is now counted as Islam. 81.179.191.7 is full of crap, he keeps on making up lies and has NO SOURCES to back up his bullshit. 81.179.191.7 go do everyone a favor and kill yourself.

I think you need to be banned because you are clearly not capable of making any kind of intelligent comment. Begins a comment with "Some douchebag Muslim kid" Then ends it with "Do everyone a favor and kill yourself"!!! You sound a little childish yourself.

I think all the vandalisms are out of control. The official estimations (the 2002 census from the government, U.S. State Department estimations as well as CIA World Factbook estimations) all have been deleted, and instead, it was replaced by figures from unknown Islamic websites. --67.2.149.250 19:01, 22 October 2006 (UTC)

Population Census of KMT Government[edit]

Somebody has repeatedty put up the data for KMT government back in 1938/1949, which that somebody said has recorded 40 million Muslims.

Now look at the historical circumstances perspective.

Back in 1938, China was in full fledge war with Japan, Manchuria has long been occupied, Beijing and Shanghai, along with much of Hebei has already fallen to the Japanese, Tibet was effectively under British control, the Northwestern provinces were either controlled by the communist or local warlords, the effective area under KMT control was only the South and the Southwest.

In 1949, the Chinese Civil War was at its closing stage. China had been in war for some years, KMT policy initiated hyperinflation, and the KMT governement was fast losing ground to the communist.

And that, were the years chosen for "FAIR" and "ACCURATE" census.


Well during the Communist reign there was bloody supression of numerous muslim uprisings in nanxian, lixan , hunan etc, etc. The government closed mosques, sent imams to jail, banned religious education etc, as was communist policy throughout the communist countries such as russia, vietnam, etc, etc.

If we are going to cite the current census - with no details of how it was peformed with no outside colaboration, etc, then it is entirely fair and accurate to put the 1948 census figures as well as the source from the china year book etc. Why should we reject these figures whilst putting in the communist figures, unless of course there is a hidden agenda to suppress the number of muslims in china on the wikipedia as well

81.179.191.7 is full of bullshit, there is no hidden agenda to suppress the number of muslims in china on wikipedia.

Well, I guess you're right about those older censusses (probably not the correct plural) aren't completely trustworthy. But what about the most recent census? Are there any objective scientists who feel it's plausible / correct? —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 83.117.51.236 (talk) 10:55, 12 December 2006 (UTC).

Yuan dynasty's origin?[edit]

Some Han supremacists - 205.188.116.204 - 67.2.148.228 - are desperately trying to get rid of Muslim participation totally from Chinese history. Why is it so difficult to accept Yuan and Mughal dynasties descended from Genghis Khan? Go read about Taimur, Olegu Khan, Kublai Khan, Babur, Akbar before vandalising this article.

So you are claiming that Genghis Khan and the Mongol rulers of the Yuan Dynasty are Muslims? Please open any prominent enyclopedias (Encyclopædia Britannica for example) or scholarly journals and start to read about Genghis Khan, Yuan Dynasty, and subjects related to it. All of your dubious claims does not merit to anything other than biased informations.--Balthazarduju 02:49, 1 November 2006 (UTC)
Actually Genghis Khan was a muslim, there's no doubt about it. Please have a look at this site, Its reliable: [1] -- itsalif
That page is about Timur, and barely even mentions Genghis Khan. cab 23:11, 24 May 2007 (UTC)
But when it did, it was important: "(Taimur's) public displays of Islamic piety earned him the support of the community's religious leaders, although his rule was not solid because he was not a direct descendant of Genghis Khan, a requirement for all leaders of the Chagatai territory." — Preceding unsigned comment added by 71.193.197.3 (talk) 03:25, 30 August 2011 (UTC)

I think there are some confusions that needs to be resolved here. The unsigned user above seems to think that if Central Asian warlords (Taimur) of later era who claims to have been descended from Genghis Khan or his families are Muslims, then Genghis Khan must be a Muslim. True, the founders of the Mughal Empire of India (Babur) are Muslims, and they claims to have been related to Genghis Khan (who is from several centuries earlier) through their ancestors marrying his descendants. But it does not mean that Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan of Yuan Dynasty are Muslims. Such claims are unfounded and are not accepted by most academics and historians.--67.2.149.88 03:29, 1 November 2006 (UTC)

the unsigned comment is full of bullshit, yes everyone knows that the Mughal emperors were Muslim, and that they claimed descent from Genghis Khan, but that does not make Genghis Khan a Muslim. I mean I could convert to Islam tomorrow but that wouldn't all of my ancestors Muslim, would it?, Sorry for the unclearity, this comment is referring to the original comment saying that Genghis Khan and the Yuan Dynasty were Muslims.

Removal of unsourced statements[edit]

This article is turning into a bloody mess. All contributors are reminded to please support all your edits with a citation to a news article from a reputable organisation or a book. Otherwise, your additions or subtractions may be reverted. See WP:CITE. Put these back in the article only if and when you have sources for them.

Following is a list of what I have removed from the article so far. cab 21:46, 2 November 2006 (UTC)

It should also be noted that the Communist government has created artificial sub-categories within major ethnic groups in its census to distort Muslim numbers. For instance, the Bao'an and Dongxiang were grouped separately from Hui simply because of their divergent dressing styles even though they speak the same tongue and belong to the same culture. Official versions of history too do not disclose the fact that Genghis Khan and his Yuan dynasty were Muslim.
Muslims contributed greatly to astronomy, medicine, architecture and militarily to China.
  • The first hospital (hu yah wo yuan - medical house) was set up in 1277CE
  • The chinese material medica 52 (re published in 1968-75) was revised under the Song Dynasty in 1056CE and 1107CE to include material taken from Ibn Sina's book 200 Medicines
  • Jamal ud-Din a persian astronomer presented to Kublai Khan seven Persian astronomical instruments in 1267CE, and a new chronology entitled wannianli (the ten thousand year chronology)

references added —Preceding unsigned comment added by 85.210.184.64 (talkcontribs) 08:08, 3 November 2006

and what exactly is a "hu yah wo yuan" in Chinese characters? this isn't even legal Pinyin (or Wade-Giles, for that matter). Can't find any useful hits for "wo yuan" on Google Scholar or Google Books, for that matter -- and on regular Google, Wikipedia is the only related hit for "wo yuan islam", which is definitely not a good sign.
Also it is blatantly wrong to assert that Dongxiang people are the same as Han Chinese just with a different dressing style. Dongxiang people speak a Mongolic language and are among the poorest groups in China largely because of their lack of education and inability to speak Mandarin. A US foundation is funding a bilingual education programme for them. All of which information can be found in the references to the Dongxiang people and Dongxiang language articles. Also the Genghis Khan article itself makes absolutely no mention of his being a Muslim.
And finally, even if there were some creeping Communist conspiracy to reduce the tabulated number of Muslims in China, why would they do it by splitting out Bonan and Dongxiang from the Hui, when all three groups are officially recognised as Muslim and added to the total number of Muslims in China? So I'm removing that section from "Demographics" again.cab 13:54, 3 November 2006 (UTC)

Demographic Section[edit]

I don't understand why would anyone keep reverting the Demographic section back to the vandalized version done by various users (such as 81.154.252.34). The BBC link the section referred to is now defunct, which means we can no longer check the facts, and the other references (pointing to the 200 and 100 million population) has no electronic links and are cited poorly. Please do not removed references from the CIA World Factbook as well as the US Department of State's "International Religious Freedom Report". Replacing official census with websites that has no scholarly value is considered un-encyclopedic and do not fit the standards of neutarlity. For now, the demographic section will remain in the version with references support by The World Factbook. Other references are welcome, but please do not remove official or recognized figures.--Balthazarduju 00:21, 3 November 2006 (UTC)

Famous Chines Muslim?[edit]

It is absurd to name Ahmad from Kwarzm as Chinese Muslim, for he was not Chinese.

After all, we do not name Matteo Ricci as Chinese Catholic.—Preceding unsigned comment added by 203.198.98.2 (talkcontribs) 13:36, 4 November 2006

China incorparates many ethnic nationalities, includin uighur, tajak, etc, etc. This is because China grew to encorporate lands that where traditionally uighur, etc. Whereas i cannot for the life of me recall china ever incorporating Italy —Preceding unsigned comment added by 81.179.154.31 (talkcontribs) 02:04, 6 November 2006
Since there's no article on him, it's hard to say for certain, but if he was really 'from kwarzm' then he wouldn't be from China or any land 'incorporated' into China either. Minguo 16:42, 9 November 2006 (UTC)


Islami/Truthpedia's population figures[edit]

This portion of the BBC site, in addition to being unavailable from the link provided, is not your usual BBC. It is first of all unattributed, leaving us no reason to believe anyone stands behind this "reporting." It begins by stating as a matter of fact that Islam was "revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad (peace by upon him)." Whatever the domain name, this is Dawah, not a credible source. The last germane BBC story I was able to find gave the figure of twenty million.Proabivouac 23:27, 28 December 2006 (UTC)


hi as you can see the demographics section it is the source of edit wars here is a suggestion to make it NPOV .
  • muslim popuation in china
  • official 20.3 million {and refrences can be added}
  • un official 100-200 million {and refrences can be added}
i hope you like this suggestion as the edit wars destroy the articles NPOV.7day 13:37, 29 December 2006 (UTC)
I copied 7day's comment above from my user talk; my response is that using non-neutral, non-scholarly sources is what is destroying NPOV here. As I also requested at User talk:Truthpedia, does anyone have scholarly references in print in government publications, peer-reviewed journal articles, books, etc.? (i.e. not someone's website or a newspaper article making speculations with the usual "the population was 48 million in 1949 (cited) and it must have expanded by 4 times since then because, well, you know ... "). It is POV to give the same weight to some random website as to Gladney's or the Chinese government's population estimates. cab 21:48, 29 December 2006 (UTC)
As Truthpedia has removed my comments from his talk page, [2] I reproduce them here:
Regarding your recent edit summary, "rv to CaliforniaAliBaba"[3], you were surely well-aware that you'd reverted to your own version, which cab had contested. Do not lie in edit summaries.
I find this approach unacceptable.Proabivouac 23:00, 29 December 2006 (UTC)

User 7day's idea is worth a try. as it is sucessesful on Islam in the United StatesMadman 0014 16:51, 2 January 2007 (UTC)

The "unofficial" figures bandied about here are absurd, equivalent to 25-50 million relative to the population of the United States. Including such misinformation is not helpful here anymore than it would be there.Proabivouac 19:16, 2 January 2007 (UTC)


The figure of 100 million is sourced from census figures under changkai shek, and the china year book, and the extrapolated. And so they form the basis of this figure. I would find it pretty suprising that the COMMUNIST figure of 20 million is correct, when Muslims have been in China for around 1300 years, and large parts of what is current China included annexed land that was predominantly Muslim, approximately 1/3rd of the whole of china. And so to follow the sensible route, we give the official COMMUNIST figure and the equally important alternative figure which is based on reliable and sourced information. 81.178.254.21 00:54, 11 January 2007 (UTC)

I have to agree that it seems strange that biased sources such as the communist, CIA and white house account of the number of Muslims needs to be takes for granted, and the BBC and other views need to be deleted. NPOV demands that all views to be represented. --Striver - talk 14:30, 14 January 2007 (UTC)
Of course, were the BBC to give their own BBC estimate, we'd be obliged to include it.Proabivouac 19:37, 14 January 2007 (UTC)
"The figure of 100 million is sourced from census figures under changkai shek, and the china year book, and the extrapolated."
No, "the figure of 100 million" is not sourced. What is sourced is a figure of 48,104,241 from a 1945 Encyclopedia and an offhanded remark on an unauthored page hosted by BBC, "Statistics are hard to find, and the number of Muslims in China today is somewhere between 20 and 100 million; it depends on whose figures you trust." An anonymous writer appealing to an unnamed source is only heresay. The only one extrapolating here is you.Proabivouac 19:31, 14 January 2007 (UTC)
The fact that it is on BBC sites makes it notable, the notability is not from it's author, its from the fact that BBC is endorsing it. Please stop removing other points of views. --Striver - talk 22:15, 14 January 2007 (UTC)
Striver, what is the source for saying that some extrapolate from the older figures to arrive at a figure of 100 million? All "the BBC" says is "Statistics are hard to find, and the number of Muslims in China today is somewhere between 20 and 100 million; it depends on whose figures you trust." Your edit, "...some other sources (notably the BBC) also give the figure of 100 million..." blatantly misrepresents the passage at issue. Supposing that you'd actually read it, rather than blindly responded to anon's solicitation, it's difficult to believe that you are not aware of this inaccuracy.Proabivouac 22:29, 14 January 2007 (UTC)
My hat is off to you, CaliforniaAliBaba, for correcting Striver's shameless misrepresentation of the BBC. However, the original research you complained about earlier ("the population was 48 million in 1949 (cited) and it must have expanded by 4 times since then because, well, you know ... ") is still there. We also note the rank presumption that the descendant of a Muslim will ipso facto be a Muslim - prejudiced to begin with, it is particularly questionable in light of subsequent developments in China. Additionally, how is it that 1949 census results were published in a 1945 volume (supposedly unrevised)?Proabivouac 00:59, 15 January 2007 (UTC)
Proabivouac, i did not totally endorse the version i reverted to, but i alway argue that poor info i better than no info, since poor info will get fixed while no info is forgotten. As long as the BBC and other sources information is adequately represented, i am satisfied.--Striver - talk 01:20, 15 January 2007 (UTC)


User:Proabivouac You have already stated that you find the figure of 100 million unrealistic. I.e you have already adopted your position and are working from that position. During Chiang Kai-Sheks reign a census was taken which concluded 50 million, equally the China Year book gave the population of 48 million. this was 50 years ago. The population of China has trebled since then. Thus the BBC source (as well as many other sources, including tapes, islamic sites ) extrapolate the figure from a time when religion was not persecuted. It is just and fair AND BALANCED to include this additional information when giving the demographic figures. Perhaps you are unaware of the large history of Muslims in China, or that China 200 years ago took in 1/3 of its land mass by conquering majority muslim xinjiang and high percentage of muslims in Mongolia. It is also worth noting that Muslims are so numerous in China that over the last few hundred years they rebelled and created Islamic states in 4 provinces. So really I don't see any problem with a higher figure, and given their is sourced and references demographic figures, then they should be cited 81.179.112.201 05:46, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

Anon, you've attacked others as "communists" and "Han fanatics." You've edit-warred to insert blatant falsehoods, shameless misrepresentation of the BBC in the service of a patently false claim, accompanied by your original research (per above), into mainspace. Hiding behind your IP, you've crossposted personal attacks against me to a number of user and project pages. You misused coreligious sentiment to solicit a blind revert to your outright misreprentation from a user who ought to have known better. You are a deceptive coward bereft of credibility, charity or honor, and you stain whatever cause is foolish enough to accept you as its advocate, just as you stain whatever encylopedia allows the likes of you to edit it. Cheers.Proabivouac 06:00, 15 January 2007 (UTC)


User:Proabivouac, you have vandalised this page many times now out of a MW:POV stance that you revealed to me. You have also broken WIkipedias 3R rule. The wikipedia is here to provide balanced and NPOV information. If that means i have to flag your vandalism and revert wars, then that is what i have to do. I would have much prefered you to have been reasonable. Those demographics have been there for a long time now, and User:CaliforniaAliBaba did an excellent job of stabalising the article, until you decided 100 million was an unrelistic figure. And as for the likes of User:Striver, it is very clear that he follows a position of Just editing, just by looking at his contributions. I am afraid you have made this a personal issue, when it needent have been . But look on the bright side of things, at least this point is being discusses , which saves the article from being vandalised 81.179.112.201 06:07, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

The article was vandalized from the moment you inserted your knowing misrepresentation of your sources.
"You have also broken WIkipedias 3R rule."
Wrong, or you'd have filed a report. I was this close to reporting you for gaming the system, four in just over 24 hours, but realized there is really no point in blocking an anon who will just pick up with another IP. I admire you like I admire the cockroach which effectively scurries from the light. Congratulations on your successful abuse of Wikipedia to post falsehoods.
"I am afraid you have made this a personal issue,"
Ha. Was it me who crossposted baseless accusations against you across wikipedia? No, I'm afraid that was you.Proabivouac 06:18, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

Muslim population rising or falling?[edit]

There seems to be a sentiment here that there's no possible way the number of Muslims in China could have fallen. A prominent example in print is:

Khan, M. Rafiq (1963). Islam in China. Delhi: National Academy.

Obviously some editors here feel this way too. But I don't see how it's so unbelievable that the number of Muslims in an officially atheist country would fall over the course of six decades of communist rule. Especially in China, where a huge number of Muslims are Hui; Mandarin-speaking people who can blend in with Han Chinese and could even easily re-identify as such if it became advantageous to do so. I think all of us editing this article agree that Communists are generally not friendly to religion.

The appropriate demographic comparison is not to the Muslim world as a whole, but to the Communist countries therein, and specifically those where there was significant non-Muslim migration; for example, Kazakhstan is composed of 65 to 70% of members of traditionally Muslim ethnicities (see Demographics of Kazakhstan), but only 47% of the population identify as Muslims (see Islam in Kazakhstan). And even among those identifying as Muslims, the actual degree of adherence is spotty at best. For a specific example:

Rose, Richard (October 2002). "How Muslims View Democracy: Evidence from Central Asia". Journal of Democracy. 13 (4): 102–111.
Since mosque attendance is not an appropriate measure of the degree to which one follows the precepts of Islam, people were asked whether they observed the ceremonies and rules prescribed by their religion, wording that is particularly relevant to political action. In both countries, only one-fifth of Muslims say they constantly try to follow religious rules; a substantial majority—61 percent in Kazakhstan and 63 percent in Kyrgyzstan—say they sometimes adhere to religious practices; and one-sixth do not engage in religious practices at all. Since people can and often do say one thing but do another, questions were also asked about drinking alcohol, which is not done by strict Muslims. In Kazakhstan total abstainers are in the minority. Two-thirds of Kazakh Muslims admit to taking a drink on occasion, and the minority that completely abstains from drinking is only nine percentage points more than the minority of Russians who are total abstainers.

Comments appreciated. And let's all seek to observe WP:CIVIL, myself included. cab 03:28, 15 January 2007 (UTC)


Sure, most demographics based on religion are derived from the persons identification with that religion, as opposed to how much he fufills it. So for example the Communist census does not ask if they practice or not just whether they associate with a specific ethnic group, ie, hui, kazakh etc. But in terms of muslim population growth, as defined by identification, YOu would find it hard pressed to find any example anywhere in the world where there is not growth but decline. ANd given the decline that would have to be undergone in china to drop the muslim population from 50 million 50 years ago to 20 million now whilst everyone else trebled, then this would be unprecidented in History 81.179.112.201 06:01, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

In China, it would not be unprecedented at all, for there was a mass conversion to atheism, especially in the Mao years which followed your report.Proabivouac 06:05, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

People do not leave their belief through force, and especially not their identification as belong to a religious group , which is why most of central asia identify themselves as muslim regardless of whether they practice or not. 81.179.112.201 10:35, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

Actually, people leave their belief through force or cultural power all the time throughout history. I'd be very surprised if you hadn't heard of the Spanish Inquisition, for example. And like I said above, 70% of Kazakhstanis are from traditionally Muslim ethnicities, but only 45% of the total population identify as such. That is to say, 1/3 of members of traditionally Muslims ethnicities in fact do not identify themselves as Muslims. Furthermore, the process of religious attrition is often accelerated when there is little ethnic difference between a member of a minority religion and a member of the mainstream religion, --- look at attrition rates for European Jews in Germany during the 19th century, for example.
If you're religiously assimilated for only one generation, then it's possible your children might revive your old religion --- in the Chinese context, the author Zhang Chengzhi is a famous example of this. He grew up in a Hui family but as an atheist, basically started the Red Guards movement in high school, joined the Down to the countryside movement and went to Inner Mongolia; but then in the 1980s, after he went back to Beijing, started practising as a Muslim and then became China's most famous Muslim author. But those who were assimilated for two, three, more generations would be a lot less likely to follow the same path, especially if their Hui ancestors assimilated to the Han majority through intermarriage. Look at Bai Chongxi's son Kenneth Pai, for example.
Also your accusation that the 20 million statistic is being promulgated only by CIA, Communists, and other biased "anti-Muslim" hardly stands up to close scrutiny, as has been repeated on this talk page numerous times. Note the citation of Dru Gladney (who authored numerous sympathetic books on the topic of Muslims in China) for the 1990 figure of 17 million. cab 12:21, 15 January 2007 (UTC)


People come and go from relgion, it is a natural cycle. however people do not leave their belief through oppression and force. I have one question for you though. Where the majority Han population subject to the one child policy, and were the minorities subject to the same policy? Because if the Chinese population trebled from the 1950's and this was with one child policy to the majority han. Are you seriously suggesting that Muslim minorities shrunk by a 1/2 -1/3 without the one child policy whilst the majority han tripled??? Do you know that in 1955 There were more than 40,000 official mosques in China, that figure alone tells us there were 20-40 million Muslims during that time. 81.178.68.147 20:33, 15 January 2007 (UTC)

just a couple of comments from me, an outsider to this debate. yo 81.178.68.147 what are you trying to do son? i've been reading up on your comments, why you spreading misleading statements as the truth? you think you're bettering Islam through this bull$hit? you look like a damn fool doing this. the only thing you're accomplishing here is making Muslims look like some desperate fools who need to lie to get followers, get that s#it straight. your sources arent even sound to begin with, you're looking like a damn fool preaching nonsense on top of a soapbox. cab has caught you man, your info was suspect from the beginning, I mean Genghis Khan was a Muslim now? Yuan Dynasty was Muslim now? c'mon now man enough of the propaganda, your suspect rants have been debunked again and again. now dont give me Muslimwikipedia as a source, no offense but I was embarassed to be reading some of it, nothing but biased opinions, horrible grammar, numberous inaccuracies. 81.178.68.147 another thing quit hiding behind that IP address, you look like a vandal. UyghurKid023 19:47, 18 January 2007 (UTC)
81.178.68.147 - among the serial lies you've told on this talk page- firstly, the one child policy was not implemented in china until the 1980s, when the chinese population had already shot up to one billion. Second, if someone's descendants converted to islam, it does not make that person a muslim. Kublai khan never became a muslim nor did his descendants- it was genghis's other grandsons like Berke Khan who converted to islam, and he ruled the golden horde, not china. Third, 40 million divided by 40,000 would be one thousand people per mosques- most mosques in china can barely fit half that number. Fourth, your claim about the communists engaging in a conspiracy to divide muslims by ethnic groups is complete bullshit, since the dongxiang, bonan, and hui all speak different languagea and are different ethnic groups. They are all counted in the official population of muslims in china's census. do you care to tell any more lies?Guderyean (talk) 06:18, 17 November 2012 (UTC)

template tags?[edit]

anyone feeling me on this one? the template tags here are a little overboard in my opinion, the real long tag, islam all the world, kinda mess up the flow of the article, I'm gonna take it out. UyghurKid023

Concur.. I had raised this issue in Template talk:Islam by country before with regards to some other articles. I suggested the creation of a horizontal template that could go to the bottom of the article. If someone has experience with codes, it shouldn't take more than 10 minutes. It is just that it is extraordinarily long :)) Baristarim 22:23, 18 January 2007 (UTC)
Actually, thanks to {{Navbox generic}}, and {{Africa topic}} and its cousins, this was about a 30-second job. See {{Islam by country horizontal}}. Comments? Should we replace the vertical navbar with the horizontal one? cab 09:52, 18 February 2007 (UTC)

Format[edit]

I changed the format as the "Protestantism", "Catholicism", "Christianity" and "Buddhism" "in China" articles all begin with the histories of those religion in China and thus so should this article. The number of Muslims in China may be an important issue but the general format should not be changed for that reason.


When did Islam first enter China?[edit]

Hi, I regret to inform you that there is absolutely no historical evidence that Sa`d ibn Abī Waqqās ever went to China, and there is no archaeological evidence of mosques in China before the Song Dynasty. The story about the prophet's uncle going to China is a mere legend. If anyone has evidence to support it, please present it. Otherwise, let's not propagate legends as history, okay? For your reference, see Lipman, Familiar Strangers, p. 25. Also, the mosque in Canton has been dated by Dr. Kerr to 900 AD, see Broomhall, Islam in China, p. 110. Oh, and by the way, just because one author claims that it is historical doesn't make it true. Look up the author's sources and see if the author himself is not just propagating a myth. I have read the BBC article, and I think whoever wrote it didn't do their homework. It sounds neat, but is there any evidence?...I think not. The myth itself says that Waqqas actually went to China in response to the emperor having a dream of the Prophet in 621. Waqqas then took 30 copies of the Quran to China, the emperor edited them and propagated them throughout China before building a mosque. What evidence is there of a seventh century mosque in China? Do you think the emperor dreamed about the Prophet, sent to Arabia for him (before 1 AH), and edited the Quran? Rockemet, Stanford (talk) 15:10, 16 November 2008 (UTC) ~ You are absolutely right. If a companion of Muhammed entered into China, it would be mentioned in Islamic traditions; however, there is no mention of any companion going to China. --24.190.235.229 (talk) 03:11, 6 February 2014 (UTC)

Stop Biasing with the qing dynasty history[edit]

Many muslim generals like Ma Zhanao, Ma Qianling, Ma Anliang, Dong Fuxiang and Ma Julung defected to the Qing dynasty and HELPED the qing general Zuo Zongtang crush muslim rebels. Zuo even removed the Han from outside of Hezhou and relocated them because the muslims there joined him and helped him exterminate the rebels.

Someone with an anti qing agenda is trying to white wash history and make it seem as though the "evil qing dynasty wanted to exterminate all muslims so it went on a random genocide".

wrong- authors like Jonathan Neaman Lipman make it clear in their works that the rebellion was not started due to some random hatred of muslims or divide and conquer tactics, but because of infighting between various Sufi sects, the Jahariyya and Khafiya, and the Gedimu.

Many muslims were loyal to Qing, and Generals like Dong Fuxiang Ma Anliang and Ma Fuxiang even assited the Qing dynasty again in the Dungan Revolt (1895) in killing muslim rebels.Дунгане (talk) 19:14, 10 July 2010 (UTC)

Pusuman muslims[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=YJibpHfnw94C&pg=PA89&dq=Pusuman&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rSmnUOuwEsK_0AGSroHIAQ&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Pusuman&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=DmgMAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA13&dq=Pusuman&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rSmnUOuwEsK_0AGSroHIAQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Pusuman&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=5UnjAAAAMAAJ&q=Pusuman&dq=Pusuman&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rSmnUOuwEsK_0AGSroHIAQ&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAw

http://books.google.com/books?id=ynDgAAAAMAAJ&q=Pusuman&dq=Pusuman&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rSmnUOuwEsK_0AGSroHIAQ&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBQ

http://books.google.com/books?id=hihtAAAAMAAJ&q=Pusuman&dq=Pusuman&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rSmnUOuwEsK_0AGSroHIAQ&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw

Guderyean (talk) 06:22, 17 November 2012 (UTC)

"Faith Flourishes in an Arid Wasteland; Muslim Sect in Ningxia Accepts Beijing's Authority and Is Allowed to Build a Virtual Religious State."[edit]

Savadove, Bill. Aug 17, 2005. “Faith Flourishes in an Arid Wasteland; Muslim Sect in Ningxia Accepts Beijing's Authority and Is Allowed to Build a Virtual Religious State."

http://www.scmp.com/article/512501/faith-flourishes-arid-wasteland

http://books.google.com/books?id=NrtIa77Sj2IC&pg=PT90&dq=Hui+religious+leader+Sufi+sect+virtual+religious+state++acknowledging&hl=en&sa=X&ei=wSv2U-3lD-zksAT-yIFA&ved=0CCYQ6wEwAA#v=onepage&q=Hui%20religious%20leader%20Sufi%20sect%20virtual%20religious%20state%20%20acknowledging&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=NrtIa77Sj2IC&pg=PT290&lpg=PT290&dq=faith+flourishes+arid+wasteland&source=bl&ots=LNaBwcUzn7&sig=Hr1vneQ7gzgaCL32TZFUzvOCYSk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LSv2U5rYLezLsQT6xILIAg&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=faith%20flourishes%20arid%20wasteland&f=false

http://thediplomat.com/2014/08/a-tale-of-two-chinese-muslim-minorities/

http://books.google.com/books?id=04dlwzB2SvcC&pg=PA159#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 17:27, 21 August 2014 (UTC)

Population and Family planning[edit]

Population numbers

http://www.pewforum.org/2011/01/27/future-of-the-global-muslim-population-regional-asia/#china

Family planning among Muslims in China. Many Muslims voluntarily limit themselves to one child.

http://ilookchina.net/2010/11/05/exemptions-in-chinas-one-child-policy/

Do not use this blog directly as a soure, but it contains references to reliable sources itself.

http://ningxiaunveiled.wordpress.com/family-planning/

Rajmaan (talk) 05:22, 8 April 2014 (UTC)

Proposed merge with Islam in China (1911–present)[edit]

Seems to duplicate Islam in China. Dougweller (talk) 16:28, 28 June 2014 (UTC)

Yes It should be merged since there is no need of the extra article as China doesn't have such a great history of Muslims or Muslim ruling. Arka 92 10:12, 30 May 2015 (UTC)
Merge: The part of both articles covering the post-1911 period look quite similar and they are in fact duplicate. --Cartakes (talk) 15:53, 13 August 2015 (UTC)
Yes This article should be merged into the main article about Islam in China. --Karlisr (talk) 07:27, 7 March 2016 (UTC)
Yes Makes little sense to have an entirely separate page for 100 years of history - especially when this article is so long already. Surely an extra few paragraphs wouldn't hurt? 2A02:C7D:5054:FE00:695A:310C:ACB7:B1D1 (talk) 00:40, 15 February 2017 (UTC)
Merge Per above. 45.116.232.44 (talk) 09:23, 14 March 2017 (UTC)
Oppose: after so much support over such a long time it seems churlish to object ... however ... it seems to me that a better target for this modern history article (last 100 years or so) would be History of Islam in China, specifically the section History of Islam in China#Republic of China which already has the Islam in China (1911–present) as a 'main'. Klbrain (talk) 21:15, 14 May 2017 (UTC)
Looking again at this, more than a year later, it seems that a summary/main format seems to be working here. Perhaps best to leave well alone, on the grounds that if aint broke ... Klbrain (talk) 08:22, 23 September 2018 (UTC)
Resolved

Recent blankings[edit]

There are some problems about Ming dynasty Muslim claims and these need to be dealt with re NPOV, although I don't think that will stop all the vandalism. I've worked on Mu Ying (where I see vandalism from both sides):

Michael Dillon wrote "There is no suggestion in most western accounts of Mu Ying's career or the Chinese sources on which they draw that Mu Ying was anything other than a Han Chinese by origin, yet he has been included in the major series of studies of the lives of eminent Hui as a Muslim without any comment. The surname Mu is also common among Chinese Muslims and is probably derived from Muhammad, although it is normally written with a different Chinese character. The character used to write Mu Ying's surname is the one associated with washing the hair and which appears on signs in every mosque in China as the first character of muyu the ritual baths to be used before prayer." He concludes that "He was probably descended from an old Muslim family but there is no evidence that he was a practising Muslim."[1]

Jonathan Neaman Lipman notes that Mu Ying is among a number of generals "unambiguously claimed as Muslim by Sino-Muslim scholars" mentioning specifically Bai Shouyi. He writes that "There is considerable doubt among non-Muslim scholars as to the “Muslim” identity of most of these generals, but Sino-Muslims assert their “Huiness” unequivocally. Tazaka, Chugoku ni okeru kaikyo, 861, for example, questions not only Chang Yuqun’s identification as a Huihui but that of many others as well. F. Mote, in Goodrich and Fang, Dictionary, 1079-8}, indicates that we have no evidence that Mu Ying was born a Muslim, and the story of his adoption and upbringing in Zhu Yuanzhang’s intimate circle certainly indicates that he was not raised as one."[2]

These sources mention other generals.

Zheng He is one of those who were born into a Muslim family but seems to have abandoned his religion. Dougweller (talk) 10:20, 21 July 2014 (UTC)

public domain pictures[edit]

https://books.google.com/books?id=JopLAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://library.uoregon.edu/ec/e-asia/read/rab2.pdf

https://books.google.com/books?id=ObcNAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rajmaan (talk) 14:38, 18 May 2015 (UTC)

Relations of Muslims with Non-Muslims in China[edit]

We are a group of undergraduate students who will be editing under the Relations with Non-Muslims for a class assignment. We would appreciate any insights or feedback from those who have been working hard on this article so that we can seamlessly add our work. Thank you!Jmowbray27 (talk) 19:24, 7 November 2015 (UTC)

Early History

·"Another example of greater Chinese Muslim synthesis with other surrounding identities is how Muslim General Ma Bufang allowed polytheists to openly worship, and Christian missionaries to station themselves in Qinghai." What is “greater synthesis”? (Is there a lesser synthesis?) What is being synthesized? By whom? And for what purpose? Also, is Qinghai strategically important in some way? It could use a little explanation here.

·"In addition, the tradition of foot-binding was practiced by both Muslim and non-Muslims orders, noting the transcendence of greater Chinese culture across all communities of faith." Orders of what? Also, dangling modifier – a practice doesn’t “note” something. But a person could. Perhaps you mean indicating?

·"...as Chinese society operates in a more closed system." A system of what? More closed than what?

·"By speaking the same language they rely on each other and they are seen as having promising future living together." Is this a choice they’ve made together? Is it unusual to be speaking the same language when living in the same place? There are some implicit assumptions or contexts here that need to be made explicit. MonstreDélicat (talk) 01:46, 30 November 2015 (UTC)

Contemporary Relationships

·Xinjiang, has experienced repeated violence and other acts of intimidation mobilized by the Uyghur, especially over the past year Since "the past year" will be a moving signifier as time passes, you should find a way to specify which year you're talking about.

·This section is really well written on the whole, and you note that scholarship is hard to come by, but is there anything you can make connections to, re: scholarship on global rise of Islam, scholars' attempts to explain any phenomena with respect to the postsecular, etc.? MonstreDélicat (talk) 02:45, 30 November 2015 (UTC)

452 Final Reflections and Suggestions[edit]

We do not think this article is ready to move beyond the C class, as it covers many different topics that we were not looking at and think that overall it needs more work.

Limitations of Article

In editing a smaller portion of a larger article, we had several instances where our research was repeated in the article, so we had to pay attention to redundancy and take into account the reader of the entire article and not just a single section. We do not think our section would warrant it's own article as good scholarship is sparse and it works to have it included in this larger article. It's hard to find sources from multiple perspectives. This is very important in understanding how Chinese Muslims live their religion and reflecting factual statements about Islam in China. We focused on current sources and did not use older good sources from the 1980s and 1970s as they would not reflect the current situation.

Future Editing

We hope future editors of this article will take into account the broadness of the subject and the variety of lived experiences of Chinese Muslims. We used current and historical events to show the interactions of Muslims and Non-Muslims and as events happen, this article should reflect these events. Future editors should be diligent in using current sources in reflecting modern situations. Be precise explaining motives behind current events, especially acts of aggression that are sensationalized in the media.

Jmowbray27 (talk) 21:18, 4 December 2015 (UTC)

I suggest you read the Migration to Xinjiang and Dzungar genocide articles and see what historians have to say about demographics in Xinjiang. News outlets like Al-Jazeera are only useful sources for current events- not as sources for commenting on historical matters. Journalists and guest writers for opinion pages are not qualified historians. Also check out the preceding section Islam_in_China#People.27s_Republic_of_China.Rajmaan (talk) 23:42, 4 December 2015 (UTC)

Stop adding new sections and repetition immediately[edit]

Stop creating new sections. Integrate all new information on contemporary Islam under the section "People's Republic of China". You people are creating a mess and potentially creating entire sections of original research. Also clearly label the ethnicity of the Muslims in question, stop generalizing Uyghurs as "Chinese Muslims" when they are not even the majority of Muslims in China.Rajmaan (talk) 01:15, 7 December 2015 (UTC)
The Cultural Revolution is described at Islam_in_China#People.27s_Republic_of_China as is the situation of Uyghurs, and also at East Turkestan Independence Movement. New users should stop adding multiple sections repeating the same content over. There are now multiple sections on the Uyghur conflict in Xinjiang. You are doing section forking and repeating the same things in different sections which were already discussed. If you have something new to add, add it to Islam_in_China#People.27s_Republic_of_China. And don't add individual incidents, only significant events and descriptions of general policies.Rajmaan (talk) 08:05, 8 December 2015 (UTC)
Thanks for pointing out some of these issues, Rajmaan. I was just going over the revision history to try to see which sections have been added by my students. JMowbray27, Noahsnave, and Beedrumms, could you just list here what sections you've added?
Our class project finishes as of today, but I wonder, Rajmaan, if you could point us to a particular section that exemplifies this problem of "potentially creating entire sections of original research"? You're absolutely right that it's crucial to stick to the style of encyclopedia writing, which means reporting all the significant viewpoints on the topic published in reliable sources.
JMowbray27, Noahsnave, and Beedrumms, the first WikiEdu brochure we looked at has some examples that might be helpful (see esp. page 9 of the "Editing Wikipedia" brochure found in the first week of our timeline on the WikiEdu Dashboard). MonstreDélicat (talk) 16:34, 8 December 2015 (UTC)
The new section is not really about Muslim-non Muslim relations. The new section added is basically about the Xinjiang conflict and East Turkestan Independence Movement, and state religious policies in Xinjiang, and then given the label of "Contemporary Relationships" between Muslims and non-Muslims. This is an article about relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, in this example being between Han and Hui in Henan This is a book about relations between Uyghur Muslims and Han in Xinjiang Those are two sources which could have been used if one wanted to write about relations between Muslims and non-Muslims.Rajmaan (talk) 17:42, 8 December 2015 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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Hajj Record[edit]

https://twitter.com/NaziaAngel1993/status/768782994920312832

http://twasul.info/513447/

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CqZ3ahcWIAE0nUe.jpg https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CqZ3a4BWYAAAKpC.jpg https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CqZ3bl7WIAAFRXM.jpg

06:07, 4 September 2016 (UTC)

Section "Tibetan-Muslim sectarian violence" needs rewriting[edit]

This section reads like a smear attack on Tibetans - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_China#Tibetan-Muslim_sectarian_violence

It needs to be rewritten. An excerpt from said section: Tibetans deliberately attack the Hui Muslims as a way to demonstrate anti-government sentiment and because they have a background of sectarian violence against each other

Whereas the cited source says this: Most of the incidents involve the Hui, who ethnically are Han Chinese but practice Islam. China's 9.8 million Hui and 5.4 million Tibetans historically have lived in proximity, at various times fighting, competing or intermarrying and collaborating.[1]


The author dropped neutrality in favour of a deliberately provocative stance and this needs to be rectified and entire article rewritten. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 41.83.3.42 (talk) 18:45, 24 September 2016 (UTC)

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