Mediatized Houses

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The Mediatized Houses (German: Standesherren) were ruling princely and comital-ranked houses which were mediatized in the Holy Roman Empire during the period of 1803–15 as part of German mediatization, and were later recognised in 1825-29 by the German ruling houses as possessing considerable rights and rank. With few exceptions, these houses were those whose heads held a seat in the Imperial Diet when mediatized during the establishment of the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806–07, by France in 1810, or by the Congress of Vienna in 1814–15. The Mediatized Houses were organised into two ranks: the princely houses, entitled to the predicate Durchlaucht (Serene Highness), which previously possessed a vote on the Bench of Princes (Furstenbank); and the comital houses which were accorded the address of Erlaucht (Illustrious Highness), which previously possessed a vote in one of the four Benches of Counts (Gräfenbank). Whilst some form of mediatization occurred in other countries, such as France, Italy and Russia, only designated houses within the former Holy Roman Empire legally comprised the Mediatized Houses.

Privileges[edit]

Mediatized Houses generally possessed greater rights than other German noble families. Whilst they lost sovereignty and certain rights (such as legislation, taxation, appellate jurisdiction, and control over policing and conscription) in their territories, they often still retained their private estates and some feudal rights, which may have included exclusive or primary access to local forestry, fishing, mining or hunting resources, jurisdiction over policing and lower level civil and criminal court cases. Mediatized Houses also possessed the right to settle anywhere within the German Confederation while retaining their territorial prerogatives. The Congress of Vienna specified that the Mediatized Houses were recognised as the first vassals in their respective states, were usually entitled to membership in the legislative upper chambers in which their lands lay (such as the Austrian or Prussian House of Lords), and held rank equivalent to ruling houses. However the Congress of Vienna did not specify which families were considered mediatized.

Members of Mediatized Houses possessed a rank higher than other German ducal, princely and comital families which held the same or even a higher hereditary title.[citation needed] For example, a prince (Fürst) of a mediatized house ranked higher than a duke (Herzog) of a family that had never possessed Imperial immediacy, even though in Germany, nominally, a duke is of higher rank than a prince.

Equality of birth[edit]

Most importantly, members of the Mediatized Houses were recognized as entitled to retain the equality of birth their families had enjoyed under the Holy Roman Empire with Germany's reigning dynasties, who inter-married by right with the other ruling houses of Europe. Although this privilege did not automatically require that every ruling family had to accept all members of mediatized families as eligible for dynastic inter-marriage (see Countess Auguste von Harrach), each mediatized family was allowed to impose its own marital standards by house law, and could be accepted by ruling families without legal demur. This had practical effects in determining whether a marriage was considered morganatic or not, and what rights the children of such a marriage might possess.

It was ultimately left up to each of the sovereign states to determine which families were counted as part of the Mediatized Houses and which were not, leading to discrepancies between the roster of the Imperial Diet in 1806 and the families counted amongst the mediatized. Prior to 1806, the term "exemption" was used to refer to states which surrendered their immediacy and high jurisdiction rights to another state but retained their votes in the Imperial Diet. Not all exempt houses were counted amongst the Mediatized Houses. Further discrepancies exist because the houses were mediatized between 1806–14 and the rosters of the princely and comital Mediatized Houses were not drawn up until 1825 and 1829 respectively, during which period some families had become extinct or sold those of their territories to which the rights of mediatization appertained.

From 1836 the Almanach de Gotha listed the Mediatized Houses in a section of their own, separate from both ruling dynasties and from princely and ducal families which were not recognized as having exercised sovereignty since the Congress of Vienna.

The rights of the Mediatized Houses in Austria and Czechoslovakia were abolished in 1919 following the defeat of Austria-Hungary in World War I and the establishment of republics in those countries. Rights were also abolished in Germany in 1919, however the abolition was not initially enforced.

The following lists are exhaustive, including all of the Mediatized Houses.

List of Princely Mediatized Houses (Durchlaucht)[edit]

Name

Title

Listed by

Head of house (as of July 2018)

Notes

Wappen Aremberg.svg Arenberg Duke Austria, Prussia, Hanover Léopold, 13th Duke (b.1956) The territories of Arenberg were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the counties of Vest Recklinghausen and Meppen in 1803. Joined the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. Annexed by France and the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1810. Not restored by the Congress of Vienna
Coat of arms of Auersperg.svg Auersperg Prince Austria Adolf, 11th Prince (b.1937) The county of Thengen mediatized by Baden in 1806, and rights to this territory sold to it in 1811. Held mediate to Austria the duchy of Gottschee and the princely county of Wels, and several minor territories
DEU Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim COA.svg Bentheim and Steinfurt Prince
Count before 1817
Austria, Hanover, Prussia Christian, 4th Prince (b.1923) County of Steinfurt mediatized by Berg in 1806. Annexed by France in 1810. Awarded to Hanover 1815 (Bentheim-Bentheim and Bentheim-Steinfurt, which were under personal union were united into the singular house)
DEU Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim COA.svg Bentheim-Tecklenburg Prince
Count before 1817
Austria, Hanover, Prussia Maximilian, 7th Prince (b.1969) County of Limburg and lordship of Rheda mediatized by Berg in 1806. Awarded to Prussia 1815
Castell-county.PNG Castell-Castell Prince
Count before 1901
Bavaria Ferdinand, 4th Prince (b.1965) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Castell-county.PNG Castell-Rüdenhausen Prince
Count before 1901
Bavaria Otto, 6th Prince (b.1985) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Wappen Colloredo-Mansfeld.svg Colloredo-Mansfeld Prince Austria, Württemberg Hieronymus, 8th Prince (b.1949) Purchased lordship of Limpurg-Gröningen in 1804. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806, and rights to this territory sold to it in 1837. Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Blason fam be Croÿ-Solre (de).svg Croÿ Duke Austria, Prussia Rudolf, 15th Duke (b.1955) The territories of Croÿ were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordship of Dülmen in 1803. Mediatized to Arenberg in 1806. Annexed by France 1810. Awarded to Prussia 1815
Wappen Dietrichstein.svg Dietrichstein Prince Austria, Württemberg Extinct Lordship of Tarasp, exempt under Austria, ceded to Graubünden in 1801. Received the lordship of Neu-Ravensburg in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1864
Wappen Grafschaft Erbach.svg Erbach-Schönberg Prince
Count before 1903
Hesse-Darmstadt Dietrich, 5th Prince (b.1954) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Esterházy.svg Esterházy de Galántha Prince Austria, Bavaria Anton, 13th Prince (b.1936) Obtained princely county of Edelstetten in 1804. Mediatized to Bavaria in 1806. Held mediate to Austria several minor territories. Held mediate in Baden the lordship of Gallingen but not predicated as mediatized
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg Fugger-Babenhausen Prince Austria, Bavaria Hubertus, 8th Prince (b.1946) Exempted under Bavaria 1806, weeks before the formation of the Confederation of the Rhine
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg Fugger-Glött Prince
Count before 1913
Bavaria Extinct Exempted under Bavaria 1806, weeks before the formation of the Confederation of the Rhine. Extinct 1981.
Blason fam de Maison von und zu Fürstenberg 2.svg Fürstenberg Prince Austria, Baden, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Württemberg Heinrich, 12th Prince (b.1950) Mostly mediatized by Baden in 1806. Lordship of Trochtelfingen mediatized by Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1806. Lordships of Gundelfingen and Neufra mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Oehringen Prince Austria, Württemberg Kraft, 9th Prince (Also 5th Duke of Ujest, b.1933) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Jagstberg Prince Austria, Württemberg Alexander, 2nd Prince (b.1937) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst Prince Austria, Württemberg Felix, 10th Prince (b.1963) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Langenburg Prince Austria, Württemberg Philipp, 10th Prince (b.1970) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein Prince Austria, Württemberg Ferdinand, 10th Prince (b.1942) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Constantin, 12th Prince (b.1949) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (Ratibor and Corvey branch) Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Viktor, 5th Duke of Ratibor and 5th Prince of Corvey (b.1964) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Wappenkaunitzrietberg.png Kaunitz-Rietberg Prince Austria, Prussia Extinct Mediatized by Westphalia in 1807. Extinct 1848
Coats of arms of None.svg Khevenhüller-Metsch Prince Austria Johannes, 10th Prince (b.1956) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Armoiries de Leiningen.svg Leiningen Prince Austria, Baden, Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt Andreas, 8th Prince (b.1956) Mediatized by Baden in 1806
Leyen.JPG Leyen Prince Austria, Baden Philipp Erwein, 7th Prince (b.1967) Mediatized by Austria in 1815. Ceded to Baden in 1819
Lobkowicz Prince Austria Jaroslav, 14th Prince (b.1942) Princely county of Störnstein mediatized by Bavaria in 1807, and rights to this territory sold to it in 1814. Held mediate to Austria the duchy of Raudnitz and several minor territories
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg.PNG Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg Prince Baden, Bavaria, Württemberg Ludwig, 8th Prince (b.1951) County of Virneburg annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Mediatized by Baden, Prince-Primate and Württemberg in 1806
Löwenstein-Wertheim-2.PNG Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Prince Austria, Baden, Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg Alois-Constantin, 9th Prince (b.1941) Mediatized by Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, Prince-Primate and Württemberg in 1806
Loon Arms.svg Looz-Corswarem Duke Austria, Hanover, Prussia Thierry, 11th Duke (b.1948) The territories of Looz-Corswarem were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordships of Rheina and Wolbeck in 1803. Mediatized by the Grand Duchy of Berg in 1806
Metternich.svg Metternich-Winneburg Prince Austria Extinct Lordship of Winneburg and Beilstein annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the county of Ochsenhausen in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806, and rights to this territory sold to it in 1825. Held mediate to Austria the county of Köningswart and several minor territories. Extinct in 1992
Blason fam it Orsini.svg Orsini and Rosenberg Prince Austria Johannes, 7th Prince (b.1949) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Coa House of Oettingen.svg Öttingen-Spielberg Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Albrecht Ernst, 10th Prince (b.1951) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Coa House of Oettingen.svg Öttingen-Wallerstein Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Moritz, 8th Prince (b.1946) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Wappen Quadt.svg Quadt-Isny Prince
Count before 1901
Württemberg Alexander, 5th Prince (b.1958) Lordship of Wykradt annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the county of Isny in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Salm-Kyrburg.png Salm-Kyrburg Prince Austria, Prussia Extinct The territories of Salm-Kyrburg were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received part of the Bishopric of Münster in 1803. Mediatized the lordship of Gemen (held by Boyneburg-Bömelberg) in 1806. Annexed by France in 1810. Not restored by the Congress of Vienna. Extinct 1905
Salm-Kyrburg.png Salm-Horstmar Prince
Count before 1817
Austria, Prussia Philipp Otto, 5th Prince (b.1938) Formerly the county of Salm-Grumbach. Mediatized by Berg in 1806
Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck.png Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck Prince
Count before 1816
Austria, Baden, Prussia Extinct Lordships of Dyck and Reifferscheid were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received lordship of Baindt in 1803. Mediatized to Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1888
Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck.png Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim Prince
Count before 1804
Austria, Baden Extinct Lordships of Dyck and Reifferscheid were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. In 1806 territory south of the Jagst mediatized by Württemberg and territory north by Baden, and territory north by Baden, and rights to this territory sold to them in 1829/37. Extinct 1958
Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck.png Salm-Reifferscheid-Raitz Prince Austria Hugo, 7th Prince (b,1973) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Salm-Neufville-Anholt.png Salm-Salm Prince Austria, Prussia Carl-Philipp, 9th Prince (b.1933) The territories of Salm-Salm were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received part of the Bishopric of Münster in 1803. Annexed by France in 1810. Not restored by the Congress of Vienna
Blason Sayn.svg Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg Prince Austria, Prussia Gustav, 7th Prince (b.1969) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806. Ceded to Prussia in 1815
Blason Sayn.svg Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein Prince Austria, Prussia, Württemberg Bernhart, 6th Prince (b.1963) County of Hohnstein exempt to Prussia from 1714, annexed by Westphalia in 1806, returned to Prussia in 1813. Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806. Ceded to Prussia in 1815
Blason famille fr Pannard.svg Schönburg-Hartenstein Prince Austria, Saxony Alexander, 8th Prince (b.1930) Exempt to Saxony from 1740
Blason famille fr Pannard.svg Schönburg-Waldenburg Prince Austria, Saxony Ulrich, 6th Prince (b.1940) Exempt to Saxony from 1740
Schwarzenberg-Orlický-Erb.png Schwarzenberg Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Karel, 12th Prince (b.1937) Principality of Schwarzenberg and barony of Seinsheim mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Landgraviate of Klettgau mediatized by Baden in 1806. The county of Sulz mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Held mediate to Austria the duchy of Krumau and several minor territories
Wappen Solms.svg Solms-Braunfels Prince Austria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Prussia, Württemberg Extinct Mediatized by Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg in 1806. Ceded to Prussia in 1813. Extinct 1970
Wappen Solms.svg Solms-Hohensolms-Lich Prince Austria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Prussia, Württemberg Carl-Christian, 9th Prince (b.1975) Mediatized by Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg in 1806. Ceded to Prussia in 1813
Blason Starhemberg.svg Starhemberg Prince Austria Georg Adam, 6th Prince (b.1961) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Stolberg-1597.PNG Stolberg-Rossla Prince
Count before 1893
Hesse-Darmstadt, Prussia Alexander of Stolberg-Wernigerode (b.1967) Exempt to Prussia in 1714
Stolberg-1597.PNG Stolberg-Stolberg Prince
Count before 1893
Hanover, Prussia Jost-Christian, 4th Prince (b.1940) Exempt to Saxony in 1738. Ceded to Prussia in 1815
Stolberg-1597.PNG Stolberg-Wernigerode Prince
Count before 1890
Hesse-Darmstadt, Hanover, Prussia Philipp, 5th Prince (b.1967) Exempt to Saxony in 1738. Ceded to Prussia in 1815
Wappen Thurn und Taxis.svg Thurn and Taxis Prince Austria, Bavaria, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Württemberg Albert, 12th Prince (b.1983) Mediatized to Bavaria, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Württemberg in 1806
Coats of arms of None.svg Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg Prince Austria Carl-Wolfgang, 7th Prince (b.1965) County of Umpfenbach mediatized by Baden in 1806, and rights to this territory sold to it in 1812. Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Wappen Waldburg.svg Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee Prince Austria, Württemberg Johannes, 6th Prince (b.1957) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Waldburg.svg Waldburg-Zeil-Trauchburg Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Erich, 8th Prince (b.1962) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806; Lordship of Alt-Trauchburg by Bavaria in 1806
Wappen Waldburg.svg Waldburg-Zeil-Wurzach Prince Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg Extinct Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806; Lordship of Marstetten east of the Iller (Ferthofen) by Bavaria in 1806. Extinct 1903
Wied-Runkel1698.svg Wied-Neuwied Prince Austria, Nassau, Prussia Maximilian, 9th Prince (b.1999) Lordship of Runkel east of the Lahn mediatized by Berg in 1806; rest mediatized by Nassau in 1806
Wappen Windisch-Grätz.svg Windisch-Grätz Prince Austria, Württemberg Anton, 5th Prince (b.1942)(Elder line, last male heir)
Mariano Hugo, 6th Prince (b.1955)(Younger line)
County of Eglofs mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Arms-Isenburg.svg Ysenburg and Büdingen Prince Austria, Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt Alexander, 7th Prince (b.1969) Formerly the principality of Isenburg-Birstein. Mediatized by Hesse-Cassel and Hesse-Darmstadt in 1815
Arms-Isenburg.svg Ysenburg and Büdingen in Büdingen Prince
Count before 1840
Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt Extinct Formerly the county of Isenburg-Büdingen. Mediatized by Isenburg-Birstein in 1806. Extinct 1941
Arms-Isenburg.svg Ysenburg and Büdingen in Wächtersbach Prince
Count before 1865
Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt Wolfgang-Ernst, 8th Prince (b.1936) Formerly the county of Isenburg-Wächtersbach. Mediatized by Isenburg-Birstein in 1806

List of Comital Mediatized Houses (Erlaucht)[edit]

Name

Title

Listed by

Head of house (as of July 2018)

Notes

Wappen Bentinck.svg Bentinck Count Oldenburg Timothy, 8th Count (Also 12th Earl of Portland, b.1953) Mediatized by Oldenburg in 1807. Obtained 'Erlaucht' recognition in 1845
Wappen Grafschaft Erbach.svg Erbach-Erbach Count Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg Franz, 8th Count (b.1958) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Wappen Grafschaft Erbach.svg Erbach-Fürstenau Count Hesse-Darmstadt Louis, 7th Count (b.1976) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg Fugger-Kirchberg-Weissenhorn Count Bavaria Extinct Exempted under Bavaria 1806, weeks before the formation of the Confederation of the Rhine
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg Fugger-Kirchheim Count Bavaria Extinct Exempted under Bavaria 1806, weeks before the formation of the Confederation of the Rhine
Fugger Coat of Arms.svg Fugger-Nordendorf Count Bavaria Extinct Exempted under Bavaria 1806, weeks before the formation of the Confederation of the Rhine
Coats of arms of None.svg Giech Count Bavaria Extinct Inherited half of Wolfstein in 1740. Exempt to Prussia in 1791. Annexed by Bavaria in 1806. Extinct 1938
Harrachov znak mesta.svg Harrach zu Rohrau und Thannhausen Count Austria Ernst Leonhard, 11th Count (b.1920) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories. Extinct 1886
COA family de von Königsegg.svg Königsegg-Aulendorf Count Württemberg Johannes, 12th Count (b.1925) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Coats of arms of None.svg Küfstein-Greillenstein Count Austria Johann, Count of Kuefstein (b.1951) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Armoiries de Leiningen.svg Leiningen-Billigheim Count Baden Extinct Formerly the county of Leiningen-Guntersblum. Annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordship of Billigheim in 1803. Mediatized by Baden in 1806
Armoiries de Leiningen.svg Leiningen-Neudenau Count Baden Extinct Formerly the county of Leiningen-Heidesheim. Annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordship of Neudenau in 1803. Mediatized by Baden in 1806
Armoiries de Leiningen.svg Leiningen-Westerburg-Altleiningen Count Hesse-Darmstadt Extinct Received the lordship of Ilbenstadt in 1803. Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Armoiries de Leiningen.svg Leiningen-Westerburg-Neuleiningen Count Nassau Extinct Received the lordship of Engelthal in 1803. Mediatized by Berg in 1807. Ceded to Nassau in 1815
Wappen Neipperg.svg Neipperg Count Württemberg Josef Hubert, 6th Count (b.1918) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Grafschaft Ortenburg coat of arms.svg Ortenburg-Tambach Count Bavaria Heinrich, 36th Count (b.1956) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
CoA Marschall von Pappenheim.svg Pappenheim Count Bavaria Albert, Count of Pappenheim (b.1943) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Was not a member of the Imperial Diet; recognised by Bavaria as a mediatized house in 1831
Coats of arms of None.svg Platen-Hallermund Count Hanover Erik, 5th Count (b.1939) Mediatized by Westphalia in 1807. Ceded to Hanover in 1813
Wappen Pückler.svg Pückler and Limpurg Count Württemberg Extinct Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1963
Coats of arms of None.svg Rechberg and Rothenlöwen Count Württemberg Bernhard, 7th Count (b.1956) Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Was not a member of the Imperial Diet; recognised by Württemberg as a mediatized house
Blason ville fr Bram (Aude).svg Rechteren-Limpurg Count Bavaria Adolph, 9th Count (b.1931) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Wappen Schaesberg.svg Schaesberg-Tannheim Count Württemberg Johannes, 7th Count (b.1960) County of Kerpen and Lommersum annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordship of Tannheim in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Schlitz.svg Schlitz genannt von Görtz Count Hesse-Darmstadt Rudiger, 7th Count (b.1939, last male heir) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Wappen Schönborn.svg Schönborn-Buchheim Count Austria, Bavaria Friedrich Karl, 7th Count (b.1938) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Wappen Schönborn.svg Schönborn-Wiesentheid Count Bavaria Paul, 8th Count (b.1964) Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806
Blason famille fr Pannard.svg Schönburg-Forderglauchau Count Saxony Alexander, 6th Count (b.1969) Exempt to Saxony from 1740
Blason famille fr Pannard.svg Schönburg-Hinterglauchau Count Saxony Extinct Exempt to Saxony from 1740
Blason famille fr Pannard.svg Schönburg-Rochsburg Count Saxony Extinct Exempt to Saxony from 1740
Blason famille fr Pannard.svg Schönburg-Wechselburg Count Saxony Extinct Exempt to Saxony from 1740
Wappen Solms.svg Solms-Laubach Count Hesse-Darmstadt Karl, 11th Count (b.1963) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Wappen Solms.svg Solms-Rödelheim Count Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt Philipp, Count of Solms-Rödelheim (b.1964) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
Wappen Solms.svg Solms-Wildenfels Count Hesse-Darmstadt Friedrich Magnus, Count of Solms-Wildenfels (b.1945) Mediatized by Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806
DEU Oberstadion COA.svg Stadion-Thannhausen Count Bavaria Extinct Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Extinct 1908
DEU Oberstadion COA.svg Stadion-Warthausen Count Austria, Württemberg Extinct Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Was not a member of the Imperial Diet; recognised by Austria and Württemberg as a mediatized house. Extinct 1906
Blason Starhemberg.svg Starhemberg Count Austria Extinct Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Armoiries d'Erpeldange.svg Sternberg-Manderscheid Count Austria, Württemberg Extinct Counties of Blankenheim, Gerolstein, Kayl and Manderscheid annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the counties of Schussenried and Weissenau in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1830
Blason famille Le Roy de Macey.svg Törring-Gutenzell Count Württemberg Hans Veit, 4th Count (b.1935) County of Gronsfeld annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the county of Gutenzell in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1860; collateral branch given mediatized rights in 1888
Blason ville fr Etables-sur-Mer (Côtes-d'Armor).svg Waldbott von Bassenheim Count Bavaria, Nassau, Württemberg Carl Ludwig, 8th Count (b.1938, last male heir) County of Pyrmont annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the county of Heggbach in 1803. Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Inherited Buxheim in 1809
Wappen Waldeck.svg Waldeck-Pyrmont Count Württemberg Extinct Waldeck-Limpurg mediatized by Württemberg in 1806
Wappen Wallmoden.png Wallmoden-Gimborn Count Mecklenburg Extinct Lordship of Gimborn-Neustadt mediatized by Berg in 1807
Coats of arms of None.svg Wurmbrand-Stuppach Count Austria Ernst Gundaccar, 5th Count (b.1946) Held mediate to Austria several minor territories
Arms-Isenburg.svg Ysenburg and Büdingen in Meerholz Count Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg Extinct Formerly the county of Isenburg-Meerholz. Mostly mediatized by Isenburg-Birstein in 1806. 1/4 portion of the Solms-Assenheim part of Limpurg-Gaildorf meditised to Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1939
Arms-Isenburg.svg Ysenburg and Büdingen in Philippseich Count Hesse-Darmstadt Extinct Appanage branch of the princely line of Isenburg-Birstein. Recognised by Hesse-Darmstadt as a mediatized house despite not possessing immediacy or a vote in the Imperial Diet

List of Houses not considered as part of the Mediatized Houses[edit]

Listed below are houses that for one reason or another were not counted amongst the Mediatized Houses. Usually this is because they became extinct before the formalisation of the Mediatized Houses in 1825/9, they divested their immediate territories just prior to the German Mediatization in 1806, or they surrendered their mediate rights before 1825/9.

Name

Title

Notes

Blason Metz 57.svg Abensperg and Traun Count Eglofs sold to Windisch-Grätz in 1804
Wappen Anhalt 2.svg Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym Count Mediatized by Nassau in 1806. Extinct 1812
Armoiries d'Aspremont.svg Aspremont-Lynden Count Rekem (Reckheim) annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the county of Baindt in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Sold in 1812
Boyneburg-Bömelberg.svg Boyneburg-Bömelberg Baron Inherited the immediate lordship of Gemen in 1800, after extinction of the Limburg-Styrum-Gemen branch. Unclear however if the Imperial Diet vote associated to Gemen was also inherited (some state that it was transferred to the only surviving Limburg-Styrum branch, that of Styrum[1]). Mediatized by Berg in 1806. Extinct 1826/31
Coats of arms of None.svg Heydeck-Bretzenheim Prince The lands of Bretzenheim were annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the principality of Lindau in 1803. Ceded to Austria in 1804. Extinct 1863
Blason Fécocourt 54.svg Ligne Prince Compensation for loss of the Imperial County of Ligne (Fagnolles, since that barony had become seat of the county in 1789) as a result of the Peace of Lunéville consisted of substitution of the secularized Imperial abbey of Edelstetten, with an individual vote guaranteed in the Imperial College of Princes in 1803. That principality was, however, sold to Prince Nikolaus Esterházy on 22 May 1804, before the abolition of the Holy Roman Empire, of which Edelstetten had been a constituent Imperial state, in 1806..
Wappen Limburg-Styrum.svg Limburg-Styrum Count Imperial Diet vote lost in 1800 (Gemen), but still possessed the immediate lordship of Styrum, which was mediatized in 1806 and which is formally cited in the Treaty of the Confederation of the Rhine. Nevertheless, Limburg-Styrum was not listed by any member of the German Confederation as a Mediatized House in 1825, given they had sold their German properties and left to their lands in the newly created kingdoms of the Netherlands and Belgium. The family is however generally counted as part of the mediatized houses.
Wappen Nesselrode.svg Nesselrode Count Mediatized by Nassau in 1806. Extinct 1824
Coats of arms of None.svg Nostitz-Rieneck Count Rieneck sold to Colloredo-Mansfeld in 1803
Wappen Ostein.svg Ostein Count Myllendonk annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordship of Buxheim in 1803. Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Extinct 1809
Coats of arms of None.svg Plettenberg-Mietingen Count Wittem annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the lordship of Mietingen and Sullmingen in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1813
COA vSintzendorf.png Sinzendorf Prince Rheineck annexed by France and ceded by the Empire in the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797. Received the burgraviate of Winterrieden in 1803. Mediatized by Bavaria in 1806. Extinct 1822
Coats of arms of None.svg Wartenberg-Roth Count Received the county of Roth in 1803. Mediatized by Württemberg in 1806. Extinct 1818
Wied-Runkel1698.svg Wied-Runkel Prince Lordship of Runkel east of the Lahn mediatized by Berg in 1806; rest mediatized by Nassau in 1806. Extinct 1824

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Duke and Prince Jean Engelbert d'Arenberg, "The Lesser Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in the Napoleonic Era" dissertation, Washington, DC, 1950, published as Les Princes du St-Empire à l'époque napoléonienne (Louvain, 1951)