Eiheiji Town Hall
Location of Eiheiji in Fukui Prefecture
|• Total||94.43 km2 (36.46 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|-Tree||Tung Oil Tree|
|Address||Matsuda-kasuga 1-4, Eiheiji-chō, Yoshida-gun, Fukui-ken 910-1192|
Eiheiji (永平寺町, Eiheiji-chō) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2018[update], the town had an estimated population of 18,746 in 6,262 households and the population density of 200 persons per km². The total area of the town was 94.43 square kilometres (36.46 sq mi). The town is named for the famous temple of Eihei-ji.
Eiheiji has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Eiheiji is 14.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2459 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.6 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Eiheiji has remained steady over the past 40 years.
Eiheiji is part of ancient Echizen Province, and has been populated since the Japanese Paleolithic period. Numerous Kofun period remains have been found in the area, which was part of a large shōen in the Heian period. During the Kamakura period, in 1244, the monk Dōgen established the Sōtō Zen monastery of Eihei-ji, and the present town developed as a monzen-machi town attached to the temple. During the Edo period, the area was part of the holdings of Fukui Domain. Following the Meiji restoration, it was organised into part of Yoshida District in Fukui Prefecture. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the villages of Shihidani, Shimoshihi and Jōhō-ji were established. These villages were merged to form the village of Shihi on March 1, 1954. On September 1, 1962 Shihi was raised to town status, and was renamed Eiheiji.
The economy of Eiheiji is heavily dependent on tourist and pilgrim traffic to the temple of Eihei-ji, which is a large seminary for the Sōtō Zen faith.
Eiheiji has seven public elementary schools and three middle schools operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school. Fukui Prefectural University has a campus at Eiheiji, and the medical school of the University of Fukui is also located in the town.
- Echizen Railway Katsuyama Eiheiji Line
- Eihei-ji, head temple and seminary of the Sōtō Zen sect
- Matsuoka Kofun Cluster, National Historic Site
- "Official website of Eiheiji Town" (in Japanese). Japan: Eiheiji Town. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- Eiheiji climate data
- Eiheiji population statistics
- こども記者 国内唯一のメーカー（永平寺町）取材 「世界のハープ」誇り 精巧彫刻、曲線美に感動 手ほどき受け演奏も on 2016-08-28 Fukui Shimbun (in Japanese) , retrieved on 2018-03-04
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Eiheiji.|
Media related to Eiheiji, Fukui at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (in Japanese)