Hans van Mierlo

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Hans van Mierlo
H.A.F.M.O. van Mierlo, minister van Defensie.jpg
Hans van Mierlo in 1981
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
22 August 1994 – 3 August 1998
Serving with Hans Dijkstal
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byWim Kok
Succeeded byAnnemarie Jorritsma
Els Borst
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
22 August 1994 – 3 August 1998
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byPieter Kooijmans
Succeeded byJozias van Aartsen
Member of the Senate
In office
13 September 1983 – 4 June 1986
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Minister of Defence
In office
11 September 1981 – 4 November 1982
Prime MinisterDries van Agt
Preceded byPieter de Geus
Succeeded byJob de Ruiter
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
3 June 1986 – 22 August 1994
Preceded byMaarten Engwirda
Succeeded byGerrit-Jan Wolffensperger
In office
23 February 1967 – 1 September 1973
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJan Terlouw
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
19 May 1998 – 18 August 1998
In office
3 June 1986 – 22 August 1994
In office
23 February 1967 – 8 June 1977
Parliamentary groupDemocrats 66
Leader of the Democrats 66
In office
25 January 1986 – 15 February 1998
Preceded byMaarten Engwirda
Succeeded byEls Borst
In office
14 October 1966 – 1 September 1973
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJan Terlouw
Chairman of the Democrats 66
In office
14 October 1966 – 16 February 1967
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byGerben Ringnalda
Personal details
Born
Henricus Antonius Franciscus Maria Oliva van Mierlo

(1931-08-18)18 August 1931
Breda, Netherlands
Died11 March 2010(2010-03-11) (aged 78)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Cause of deathHepatitis
NationalityDutch
Political partyDemocrats 66 (from 1966)
Spouse(s)
Anna Los
(m. 1961; div. 1963)

Olla van Maasdijk
(m. 1964; div. 1984)

Connie Palmen
(m. 2009; his death 2011)
Domestic partnerGretta Nieuwenhuizen
(1985–1986)
Aafke van der Made
(1987–1997)
Connie Palmen
(1999–2009)
Children1 son
(first marriage)
2 daughters
(second marriage)
Alma materRadboud University Nijmegen
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Jurist · Journalist · Editor · Editor · Author · Political pundit · Television producer · Nonprofit director · Activist
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Branch/serviceRoyal Netherlands Army
Years of service1952–1954 (Conscription)
1954–1961 (Reserve)
RankNl-landmacht-sergeant-wachtmeester.svg Sergeant
UnitRegiment van Heutsz
Battles/warsCold War

Henricus Antonius Franciscus Maria Oliva "Hans" van Mierlo (Dutch pronunciation: ['hans fan 'mirlo];[1] 18 August 1931 – 11 March 2010) was a Dutch politician and co-founder of the Democrats 66 (D66) party and journalist. He was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 24 October 1998.

Van Mierlo applied at the Radboud University Nijmegen in June 1954 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree in June 1956 before graduating with an Master of Laws degree in July 1960. Van Mierlo worked as a editor for the Algemeen Handelsblad from August 1960 until January 1967. On 14 October 1966 Van Mierlo together with Hans Gruijters co-founded the Democrats 66 (D'66) party after continuing frustrations with The Establishment parties and their dealings with the Counterculture of the 1960s. Van Mierlo was elected as the first Leader of the Democrats 66 and Chairman of the Democrats 66 and became the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the Democrats 66 for the election of 1967. After the election the Democrats 66 entered the House of Representatives with 7 seats. Van Mierlo was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives and became the Parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in the House of Representatives, taking office on 23 February 1967. For the election of 1971 Van Mierlo served again as Lijsttrekker. The Democrats 66 made a small win, gaining 4 seats and now had 11 seats in the House of Representatives. For the election of 1972 Van Mierlo served for a third time as Lijsttrekker. The Democrats 66 suffered a big loss, losing 5 seats and now had 6 seats in the House of Representatives. The following cabinet formation of 1972 resulted in a coalition agreement between the Democrats 66, the Labour Party (PvdA), the Catholic People's Party (KVP), the Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and the Political Party of Radicals (PPR) which formed the Cabinet Den Uyl with Van Mierlo opting to remain in the House of Representatives instead of accepting a cabinet post in the new cabinet and continued to serve in the House of Representatives. On 1 September 1973 Van Mierlo announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives in favor of Jan Terlouw taking responsibility for the defeat in the election but continued to serve as a frontbencher. In February 1977 Van Mierlo announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1977 and continued to serve until the end of the parliamentary term on 8 June 1977.

Van Mierlo semi-retired from active politics and became active in the public sector and worked as a nonprofit director for a development aid foundation from October 1977 until September 1981 and as a television producer for the VARA from January 1980 until September 1981. After the election of 1981 Van Mierlo was appointed as Minister of Defence in the Cabinet Van Agt II, taking office on 11 September 1981. The Cabinet Van Agt II fell just seven months into its term on 12 May 1982 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Van Agt III with Van Mierlo continuing as Minister of Defence, taking office on 29 May 1982. In June 1982 Van Mierlo announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1982. The Cabinet Van Agt III was replaced by the Cabinet Lubbers I following the cabinet formation of 1982 on 4 November 1982. Van Mierlo remained in active politics, he was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1983, taking office on 13 September 1983.

In November 1985 Van Mierlo announced that he would re-seek the Democrats 66 leadership. Van Mierlo was unopposed in his candidacy and was elected as Leader a second time and became the Lijsttrekker for the election of 1986 on 25 January 1986. The Democrats 66 made a small win, gaining 3 seats and now had 9 seats in the House of Representatives. Van Mierlo subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives and as Parliamentary leader, taking office on 3 June 1986. For the election of 1972 Van Mierlo served for a fifth time as Lijsttrekker. The Democrats 66 made a small win, gaining again 3 seats and now had 12 seats in the House of Representatives. For the election of 1994 Van Mierlo served for the sixth and last time as Lijsttrekker. The Democrats 66 made a large win, gaining 12 seats and now had 24 seats in the House of Representatives. The Following cabinet formation of 1994 resulted in a coalition agreement between the Democrats 66, the Labour Party and the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) which formed the Cabinet Kok I with Van Mierlo appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, taking office on 22 August 1994. In March 1997 Van Mierlo announced that he was stepping down as Leader and that he wouldn't run as Lijsttrekker for the election of 1998 but that he would stand for the election of 1998. After the election Van Mierlo subsequently returned again as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 19 May 1998. Following the cabinet formation of 1998 Van Mierlo per his own request asked not to be considered for a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Kok I was replaced by the Cabinet Kok II on 3 August 1998. Shortly after installation of the new cabinet Van Mierlo announced his retirement from national politics, he resigned as a Member of the House of Representatives on 18 August 1998.

Early life[edit]

Henricus Antonius Franciscus Maria Oliva van Mierlo was born on 18 August 1931 in Breda in the province of North Brabant in a Roman Catholic family as the second child of eight children of Anthonius Alphonsus Marie van Mierlo (born 9 May 1902) and Adriana Maria Francisca van der Schrieck (born 3 April 1905). After receiving his diploma Gymnasium-A at the Canisius College in Nijmegen he studied at the Radboud University Nijmegen, where he received a Bachelor of Laws and Master of Laws degree in 1960. After graduating, he became a journalist for the NRC Handelsblad and worked as a managing editor from 1960 until 1967, first as an editor Home Affairs, later as the opinion page's chief editor.

Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Luns and Parliamentary leader Hans van Mierlo during a meeting in the Ridderzaal on 23 February 1967.
Parliamentary leader Hans van Mierlo and Parliamentary leader of the Labour Party Wim Kok during a debate in the House of Representatives on 13 September 1989.
Hans van Mierlo, Els Borst and Leader of the Democrats 66 Alexander Pechtold during party conference in Breda on 7 November 2009.

Politics[edit]

Party foundation[edit]

In 1966 Van Mierlo together with Hans Gruijters founded the Democrats 66 party after continuing frustrations with The Establishment parties. Van Mierlo was selected as Leader and Chairman of the Democrats 66 on 14 October 1966. For the Dutch general election of 1967 Van Mierlo was the lijsttrekker (top candidate) and won seven seats in the House of Representatives, the first time the Democrats 66 won representation in the States General of the Netherlands.

Van Mierlo was elected as a member of the House of Representatives and the parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in the House on 23 February 1967. For the Dutch general elections of 1971 Van Mierlo again as lijsttrekker won eleven seats. For the Dutch general election of 1972 Van Mierlo for the third time as lijsttrekker won only six seats but after a long formation period a coalition agreement with the Labour Party (PvdA), Catholic People's Party (KVP), Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and the Political Party of Radicals (PPR) was made which formed the Cabinet Den Uyl.

Hans Gruijters became Minister of Housing and Spatial Planning. Because of the disappointing election results Van Mierlo resigned as parliamentary leader of the Democrats 66 in the House of Representatives and Leader of the Democrats 66 on 1 September 1973. Van Mierlo remained a member of the House until after the Dutch general election of 1977 on 8 June 1977.

Cabinet of Dries van Agt[edit]

After the Dutch general election of 1981 Van Mierlo was asked by Jan Terlouw to become Minister of Defence in the Second Van Agt cabinet under Prime Minister Dries van Agt of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) and served from 11 September 1981 until 4 November 1982. After the Dutch Senate election of 1983 Van Mierlo was elected as a Senator serving from 13 September 1983 until 4 June 1986.

In 1986 Van Mierlo staged a political comeback and was reelected as Leader of the Democrats 66 on 25 January 1986. For the Dutch general election of 1986 Van Mierlo back as lijsttrekker won nine seats. For the Dutch general election of 1989 Van Mierlo again as lijsttrekker won twelve seats. For the Dutch general election of 1994 Van Mierlo for the sixth time as Lijsttrekker won twenty four seats and the Democrats 66 became major-party in the House of Representatives.

Cabinet of Wim Kok[edit]

After an arduous cabinet formation with the Labour Party and the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) a deal was struck that resulted in the First Kok cabinet with Van Mierlo becoming Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs serving from 22 August 1994 until 3 August 1998.

The First Kok cabinet was considered groundbreaking in Dutch politics because it was the first Cabinet of the Netherlands since 1908 without a Christian democratic party. On 7 March 1997 Van Mierlo announced his retirement as Leader of the Democrats 66. Van Mierlo remained Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs until the Second Kok cabinet was installed on 3 August 1998. For the Dutch general election of 1998 Van Mierlo was reelected to the House of Representatives on 19 May 1998 but resigned on 18 August 1998.

Convention on the Future of Europe[edit]

Van Mierlo semi-retired from active politics on his sixty-seventh birthday. He served as the first Dutch representative to the Convention on the Future of Europe from 1 March 2002 until 26 September 2002. Following the end of his active political career, Van Mierlo occupied numerous seats on supervisory boards on cultural organizations.

Personal[edit]

He was appointed Minister of State on October 24, 1998, a mainly honorary title for politicians with an extensive history of government service. Hans van Mierlo has been married three times. He has a son from his first marriage and two daughters from the second. Since 1999 Van Mierlo had a relationship with the Dutch writer Connie Palmen; they got married on 11 November 2009, in Amsterdam.[2]

Death[edit]

Hans van Mierlo died on 11 March 2010 at the age of 78;[3][4] he had been living with a transplanted liver since 2000[5] which was required after liver failure as a consequence of a hepatitis C contamination contracted from a blood transfusion in 1982.[6]

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Commander BAR.png Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 10 December 1982
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Commander BAR.png Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 30 December 1982
Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Commander of the Legion of Honour France 12 February 1999
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 6 GrVK Stern Band.svg Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Germany 30 May 2003
Honorific Titles
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Minister of State Netherlands 24 October 1998 Style of Excellency

References[edit]

  1. ^ Van in isolation: [v?n].
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Connie Palmen en Hans van Mierlo getrouwd
  3. ^ "Hans van Mierlo, changer of Dutch politics, dies at 78". nrc.nl.
  4. ^ (in Dutch) "'Van Mierlo tot laatst betrokken bij D66'"
  5. ^ "Hans van Mierlo is overleden". nrcnext.nl.
  6. ^ Voor Mr D66 was politic een passie (in Dutch), de Stentor.

External links[edit]

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the Democrats 66
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Gerben Ringnalda
Preceded by
Office established
Leader of the Democrats 66
1967–1973
1986–1994
Succeeded by
Jan Terlouw
Preceded by
Maarten Engwirda
Succeeded by
Els Borst
Preceded by
Office established
Lijsttrekker of the
Democrats 66

196719711972
198619891994
Succeeded by
Jan Terlouw
1977
Preceded by
Jan Terlouw
1982
Succeeded by
Els Borst
1998
Preceded by
Office established
Parliamentary leader of the
Democrats 66 in the
House of Representatives

1967–1973
1986–1989
Succeeded by
Jan Terlouw
Preceded by
Maarten Engwirda
Succeeded by
Gerrit-Jan Wolffensperger
Political offices
Preceded by
Pieter de Geus
Minister of Defence
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Job de Ruiter
Preceded by
Wim Kok
Deputy Prime Minister
1994–1998
Served alongside: Hans Dijkstal
Succeeded by
Annemarie Jorritsma
Succeeded by
Els Borst
Preceded by
Pieter Kooijmans
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Jozias van Aartsen