Kington Magna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kington Magna
All Saints' Church, Kington Magna - geograph.org.uk - 475299.jpg
All Saints' Church, Kington Magna
Kington Magna is located in Dorset
Kington Magna
Kington Magna
Location within Dorset
Population389 [1]
OS grid referenceST765232
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGILLINGHAM
Postcode districtSP8
Dialling code01747
PoliceDorset
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
List of places
UK
England
Dorset
51°00′27″N 2°20′11″W / 51.0076°N 2.3364°W / 51.0076; -2.3364Coordinates: 51°00′27″N 2°20′11″W / 51.0076°N 2.3364°W / 51.0076; -2.3364

Kington Magna is a village and civil parish in the Blackmore Vale in the English county of Dorset, situated about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south-west of the town of Gillingham, in the North Dorset administrative district.

History[edit]

The name Kington Magna means 'great King's Town';[2][3] it derives from cyne- (later cyning) and tūn, Old English for 'royal estate or manor'. The affix magna, Latin for great, was added to distinguish it from Little Kington, a smaller settlement nearby.[4][5] In 1086 in the Domesday Book these were recorded together in three entries as Chintone, which had 27 households and a total taxable value of 13 geld units, and was in the hundred of Gillingham.[6][7] In 1243 it was recorded as Magna Kington.[4] Most of the current buildings in the village are no older than the seventeenth century.[citation needed] In 1851 a Primitive Methodist chapel was built in the village; it was on Chapel Hill, which runs parallel to Church Hill.[5] In 1860 a pottery was established at Bye Farm, north of the main village; it manufactured tiles, drainpipes, bricks, and chimney and flower pots. The parish church of All Saints was restored and enlarged in 1862;[5] most of the building, except for the late 15th-century west tower, was rebuilt.[8] Near the church is a pond which was a medieval fishpond.[5]

Geography[edit]

The parish covers about 2,000 acres (810 ha) and, as well as the main village, includes the small settlement of Nyland in the west.[8] The main village is sited on the slopes of a Corallian limestone hill,[9] overlooking the flat Oxford Clay valley of the small River Cale, which drains into the Stour. In 1906 Sir Frederick Treves wrote in his Highways & Byways in Dorset that the village "straggles down hill like a small mountain stream."[2]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census the parish had 180 dwellings,[10] 169 households and a population of 389.[1]

Transport[edit]

The nearest railway station is in Gillingham. Trains run on the Exeter to Waterloo line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area: Kington Magna (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b Sir Frederick Treves (1906). Highways and Byways in Dorset. Macmillan and Co. Ltd. p. 23.
  3. ^ North Dorset District Council (c. 1983). North Dorset Official District Guide. Home Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 37.
  4. ^ a b Mills, David (2003). A Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780191578472.
  5. ^ a b c d Legg, Rodney; Hannay, Clive (December 2006). "Kington Magna". Dorset Life Magazine. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  6. ^ "Place: [Little] Kington and Kington [Magna]". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Dorse H-R". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b "'Kington Magna', in An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 4, North (London, 1972), pp. 41-43". British History Online. University of London. 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  9. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset. Robert Hale Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 0-7090-0844-9.
  10. ^ "Area: Kington Magna (Parish). Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 June 2015.

External links[edit]