Lopburi Province

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Lopburi

ลพบุรี
Lopburi City Gate, from old to new city
Lopburi City Gate, from old to new city
Flag of Lopburi
Flag
Official seal of Lopburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Lop Buri Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Lop Buri Province
CountryThailand
CapitalLopburi
Government
 • GovernorPhanu Yaemsi (since October 2015)
Area
 • Total6,200 km2 (2,400 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 36th
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total758,733
 • RankRanked 32nd
 • Density122.4/km2 (317/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 40th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5797 "average"
Ranked 44th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
15xxx
Calling code036
ISO 3166 codeTH-16
Vehicle registrationลพบุรี

Lopburi (Thai: ลพบุรี, RTGSLop Buri,[4] pronounced [lóp bū.rīː]) is a province in the central region of Thailand. The province is divided into 11 administrative districts, and Mueang Lopburi District is the capital. With over 750,000 people, the province is Thailand's 36th largest area and 32nd most populous. There are eight neighboring provinces, Phetchabun, Chaiyaphum, Nakhon Ratchasima, Saraburi, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya, Ang Thong, Sing Buri, and Nakhon Sawan.

Lopburi is a significant province historically, where many historical structures, artifacts, and prehistoric settlements have been discovered. In the past, Lopburi was called by the name Lavo, that is, the kingdom had been ruled by an absolute monarch.

History[edit]

Known as Lavo during much of its history, Lopburi probably dates to prehistoric times.[5] The name Lavo originated in the Mon Kingdom of Dvaravati period (6th–11th century CE).[6] The conquering Khmer would build many impressive temples in the city during its rule. Lopburi may even have liberated itself for a time, as it sent independent embassies to China in 1115 and 1155. In 1289 it sent another embassy to China, but soon became part of the Thai kingdom of Sukhothai and later Ayutthaya.

During the Ayutthaya period, King Ramathibodi I sent Phra Ramesuan (later King Ramesuan) as the Uparaja to reign in Lopburi. In 1665 King Narai the Great ordered a new palace built on the east bank of the Lopburi River and made Lopburi the second capital of the country, as Ayutthaya was threatened by the Dutch. After King Narai died, the city was almost abandoned and fell into ruin.

In 1856 King Mongkut of the Chakri dynasty ordered King Narai's palace to be renovated. The city finally regained its importance in 1938, when Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram chose Lopburi to be the largest military base in Thailand.

Geography[edit]

Lopburi is on the east side of the Chao Phraya River valley, between the Lopburi River and Pa Sak Rivers. Thirty percent of the area of the province, including most of Tha Wung district, the southwestern parts of Mueang Lopburi and Ban Mi districts are a very low alluvial plain. The other 70 percent is mixed plains and hills, with the Phetchabun Mountains forming the eastern boundary of the province towards the Khorat Plateau.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows Vishnu in front of the Khmer temple Phra Prang Sam Yod.[7]

The escutcheon of Lopburi shows Phra Narai and in the background Phra Prang Sam Yod, the "Sanctuary with the Three Towers". It refers to King Narai who in 1664 fortified the city to be used as an alternative capital when Ayutthaya was threatened by a Dutch naval blockade.[8]

The provincial tree as well as the provincial flower is the bullet wood.[9]

The slogan of the province is National treasures of King Narai's palace and Phra Kan Shrine, famous Prang Sam Yot, city of Din So Phong Marl, well-known Pa Sak Cholasit Dam and golden land of King Narai the Great.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Lopburi with 11 districts

The province is subdivided into 11 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 124 sub-districts (tambon) and 1,110 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Lopburi
  2. Phatthana Nikhom
  3. Khok Samrong
  4. Chai Badan
  5. Tha Wung
  6. Ban Mi
  1. Tha Luang
  2. Sa Bot
  3. Khok Charoen
  4. Lam Sonthi
  5. Nong Muang

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

The main road through Lobpuri is Route 1 (Phahonyothin Road), which starts in Bangkok, and continues through Lopburi, Chai Nat, Nakhon Sawan, Kamphaeng Phet, Tak, Lampang, Chiang Rai, and the border with Burma at Mae Sai. Route 311 leads west to Sing Buri, and Route 3196 leads south-west to Ang Thong.

Rail[edit]

Lopburi Station

Lopburi Railway Station is a station of the State Railway of Thailand's Northern Line, the end of Bangkok's suburban service.

Air[edit]

Khok Kathiam Air Force Base is 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of the town. It has no commercial flights.

Education[edit]

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Index for the province Lopburi[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.6005 29th
Education 3 0.4996 30th
Employment 4 0.6292 36th
Income 5 0.4835 52nd
Housing and environment 6 0.8974 31st
Family and community life 7 0.5889 49th
Transport and communication 8 0.4173 70th
Participation 9 0.5212 55th
HAI 2017 1 0.5797 44th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Lopburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5797, takes the 44th place in the rankings. This is "average" between the values of 0.5792 and 0.5949.

Notes[edit]

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. ^ ประกาศราชบัณฑิตยสถาน เรื่อง การเขียนชื่อจังหวัด เขต อำเภอ และกิ่งอำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 117 (พิเศษ 94 ง): 2. 14 Sep 2000.
  5. ^ "Lopburi". Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  6. ^ Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia (PDF). University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  7. ^ "Phra Prang Sam Yot". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 2015-11-02.
  8. ^ "Provincial Escutcheon". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
  9. ^ "Lopburi Province (จังหวัดลพบุรี)". Lopburi Province. Retrieved 2015-11-02.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°48′2″N 100°39′5″E / 14.80056°N 100.65139°E / 14.80056; 100.65139