Łyna (river)

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Las warminski.JPG
The Łyna River near Olsztyn
CountryPoland, Russia
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ location
 ⁃ coordinates
54°37′15″N 21°13′36″E / 54.6208°N 21.2267°E / 54.6208; 21.2267Coordinates: 54°37′15″N 21°13′36″E / 54.6208°N 21.2267°E / 54.6208; 21.2267
Length264 km (164 mi)
Basin size7,126 km2 (2,751 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionPregolyaBaltic Sea

The Łyna (Polish pronunciation: [ˈwɨna]; German: About this soundAlle ; Lithuanian: Alna; Russian: Лава - Lava), is a river in northern Poland's Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship as well as in Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast.

The Łyna is a tributary of the Pregolya River, and has a total length of 264 km (207 km in Poland and 57 km in Russia) and a basin area of 7,126 km² (5,298 km² in Poland).[1] It is connected to Lake Mamry by the 18th-century Masurian Canal.

In historical terms, the river fell within the area of the medieval Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights established in the 13th century. The adjacent territory became later known as East Prussia, and then an easternmost province of Germany until 1945 when, in accordance with border changes promulgated at the Potsdam Conference, it was split between Poland and the Soviet Union.

Cities and towns founded by the Teutonic Knights along the river Łyna (Alnā) include: