- ƒ(x,y) = r,
where ƒ is an irreducible bivariate form of degree at least 3 over the rational numbers, and r is a nonzero rational number. It is named after Axel Thue who in 1909 proved a theorem, now called Thue's theorem, that a Thue equation has finitely many solutions in integers x and y.
The Thue equation is solvable effectively: there is an explicit bound on the solutions x, y of the form where constants C1 and C2 depend only on the form ƒ. A stronger result holds, that if K is the field generated by the roots of ƒ then the equation has only finitely many solutions with x and y integers of K and again these may be effectively determined.
Solving Thue equations
- in PARI/GP as functions thueinit() and thue().
- in Magma computer algebra system as functions ThueObject() and ThueSolve().
- in Mathematica through Reduce
- A. Thue (1909). "Über Annäherungswerte algebraischer Zahlen". Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik. 1909 (135): 284–305. doi:10.1515/crll.1909.135.284.
- Baker, Alan (1975). Transcendental Number Theory. Cambridge University Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-521-20461-5.
- N. Tzanakis and B. M. M. de Weger (1989). "On the practical solution of the Thue equation". Journal of Number Theory. 31 (2): 99–132. doi:10.1016/0022-314X(89)90014-0.
- Baker, Alan; Wüstholz, Gisbert (2007). Logarithmic Forms and Diophantine Geometry. New Mathematical Monographs. 9. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-88268-2.
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