Ajit Doval

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Ajit Doval

Ajit Doval.png
NSA Ajit Doval
5th National Security Advisor of India
Assumed office
30 May 2014
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
DeputyDattatray Padsalgikar
Pankaj Saran
Rajinder Khanna
Vinod G. Khandare[1]
Preceded byShivshankar Menon
Director of the Intelligence Bureau
In office
31 July 2004 – 31 January 2005
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byK. P. Singh
Succeeded byE. S. L. Narasimhan
Personal details
Born (1945-01-20) 20 January 1945 (age 75)
Ghiri Banelsyun, Pauri Garhwal, United Provinces, British India (now in Uttarakhand, India)
Spouse(s)Aruni Doval (m.1972)
ChildrenVivek Doval, Shaurya Doval
ResidenceNew Delhi, India
EducationMasters in Economics
Alma materRashtriya Military School, Ajmer
Agra University
National Defence College
AwardsKirti Chakra ribbon.svg Kirti Chakra
IND Police Medal for Meritorious Service.png Police Medal
IND President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service.png President's Police Medal

Ajit Kumar Doval, KC (born 20 January 1945) is the 5th and current National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of India.[2][3] He previously served as the Director of the Intelligence Bureau in 2004–05, after spending a decade as the head of its operation wing. He is also regarded as an instrumental figure in Revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir. He is a retired member of the Indian Police Service.

Early life and education[edit]

Doval was born in 1945 in Ghiri Banelsyun village in Pauri Garhwal in a Garhwali family in the erstwhile United Provinces, now in Uttarakhand. Doval's father, Major G. N. Doval, was an officer in the Indian Army.[4][5]

He received his early education at the Ajmer Military School (formerly King George's Royal Indian Military School) in Ajmer, Rajasthan. He graduated with a master's degree in economics from the Agra University in 1967.[6] He was awarded an honorary doctorate for his contribution in the field of strategic and security matters, in science and literature from Agra University in December 2017 and Kumaun University in May 2018 respectively.[7][8] Ajit Doval was also conferred with an honorary doctorate degree in philosophy by Amity University, in November 2018.[9][10]

Career in Indian Police Service[edit]

Police career[edit]

Doval joined the Indian Police Service in 1968 in the Kerala cadre as the ASP of Kottayam district.[11][12] He was actively involved in anti-insurgency operations in Kerala and Punjab.

Thalassery riots[edit]

Doval worked in Thalassery, Kerala, for a brief period from 2 January 1972 to 9 June 1972. Doval, who was then the ASP in Kottayam, was assigned the duty by the then Home Minister, K. Karunakaran. Though the Thalassery riot, lasted for only a couple of days after it began on 28 Dec 1971, Karunakaran wanted to avert it escalating further, following which Doval was assigned the duty. Immediately after reaching Thalassery, his priority was to retrieve the properties looted by the rioters, and was the SI in Kannur Town Police station at that time. He also brought the looters before society and charted out effective action plans to curb the violence and everything was back to normalcy within one week, he said. “Though I was not in Thalassery at that time, I have heard of him and it is said that he was a daring police officer with great dreams", said AK Vasudevan, a former IPS officer who was the commandant of the Malabar Special Police (MSP which was deployed in Thalassery following the riots). He worked in Thalassery for five months and he later joined the central service.[13]

[14] Doval was one of three negotiators who negotiated the release of passengers from IC-814 in Kandahar in 1999.[14] Uniquely, he has the experience of being involved in the termination of all 15 hijackings of Indian Airlines aircraft from 1971–1999.[15] In the headquarters, he headed IB's operations wing for over a decade and was founder Chairman of the Multi Agency Centre (MAC), as well as of the Joint Task Force on Intelligence (JTFI).[16]

Intelligence career[edit]

[17][18] Ajit Doval had played a good role in intelligence for Sikkim’s merger with India. He was trained under M. K. Narayanan, the 3rd National Security Advisor of India for a brief period in counterterrorism operations. He was also part of the team sent to Kandahar to negotiate the release of the passengers of Indian Airlines IC-814. [19]

.[17][20]

After retirement (2005–2014)[edit]

Doval retired in January 2005[14] as Director, Intelligence Bureau (which is India's Internal intelligence agency). In December 2009, he became the founding Director of the Vivekananda International Foundation, a public policy think tank set up by the Vivekananda Kendra.[21][22][23] Doval has remained actively involved in the discourse on national security in India. Besides writing editorial pieces for several leading newspapers and journals, he has delivered lectures on India's security challenges and foreign policy objectives at several renowned government and non-governmental institutions, security think-tanks in India and abroad.

In 2009 and 2011 he co-wrote two reports on "Indian Black Money Abroad In Secret Banks and Tax Havens",[24] with others, leading in the field as a part of the task force constituted by BJP.[25]

In recent years, he has delivered guest lectures on strategic issues at IISS, London, Capitol Hill, Washington DC, Australia-India Institute, University of Melbourne, National Defence College, New Delhi and the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie.[26][27] Doval has also spoken internationally at global events, citing the ever-increasing need of co-operation between the major established and emerging powers of the world.[28]

As National Security Advisor (2014–present)[edit]

On 30 May 2014, Doval was appointed as India's fifth National Security Advisor. In June 2014, Doval played a crucial role in ensuring the secure return of 46 Indian nurses who were trapped in a hospital in Tikrit, Iraq. After family members lost all contact from these nurses, following the capture of Mosul by ISIL. Doval, on a top secret mission flew to Iraq on 25 June 2014 to understand the position on the ground and make high-level contacts in the Iraqi government.[29]

Although the exact circumstances of their release are unclear, on 5 July 2014, ISIL militants handed the nurses to Kurdish authorities at Erbil city and an Air India plane specially-arranged by the Indian government brought them back home to Kochi.[30]

Along with Army Chief General Dalbir Singh Suhag, Doval planned an cross-border military operation against National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-K) separatist operating out of Myanmar. Indian officials claimed that the mission was a success and 20[31]-38 separatist belonging to Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-K) were killed in the operation.[32][33][34][35][36] However, the Myanmar government denied any strikes tooks place on Myanmar side of the border. According to Myanmar officials, the Indian operation against NSCN-K took place entirely on the Indian side of the border.[37][38]

He is widely credited for the doctrinal shift in Indian national security policy in relation to Pakistan, switching from 'Defensive' to 'Defensive Offensive' as well as the 'Double Squeeze Strategy.'[39] It was speculated that the September 2016 Indian strikes in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir were his brainchild.[40][41][42][43]

Indian Prime minister Narendra Modi with the National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, the Army Chief Dalbir Singh Suhag and the Air Force Chief Arup Raha

Doval is widely credited along with then Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar and Indian Ambassador to China Vijay Keshav Gokhale, for resolving Doklam Standoff through diplomatic channels and negotiations.[44][45][46]

In October 2018, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Strategic Policy Group (SPG), which is the first tier of a three tier structure at the National Security Council and forms the nucleus of its decision-making apparatus.[47]

On 27 February 2019, tension rose between Indian and Pakistan after the Indian Air Force airstrike in Pakistan and later Pakistan Air Force retaliatory airstrike in India and subsequent capture of Indian pilot Abhinandan Varthaman by Pakistani military. The captured pilot was released on the next day by Pakistan. Pakistani officials claimed that the pilot was released as a gesture of peace and to de-escalate the tensions between the two countries.[48][49] Indian officials termed the release of Indian pilot as a major victory for India. Indian officials claimed that while Indian pilot was in the custody of Pakistan, Ajit Doval had held talks with US Secretary of State and National Security Advisor to secure the release of the Indian pilot.[50] He is popular in media as India's real life James Bond.[51][52]

On 3 June 2019, he was reappointed as NSA for 5 years and was given Union Cabinet Minister Rank.[53]

On 15 May 2020, the military forces of Myanmar handed over a group of 22 insurgents, active in Assam and other northeast states, to the Indian government were flown back in a special plane. The move is seen as a major diplomatic gain for India and also a result of increasing intelligence and defence cooperation between the two nations. This was made possible through negotiations headed by Doval and his strategy against militant organizations in the Northeast.[54][55]

On 15 September 2020, Doval walked out of a virtual SCO meeting after Pakistan projected what India labelled as a "ficticious" map containing parts of India. Doval left the meeting mid-way to protest against the move of Pakistan.[56]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • Doval was the youngest police officer to receive the Police Medal for meritorious service.[17] He was given the award after six years in the police.[17]
  • He was later awarded the President's Police Medal.
  • In 1988, Doval was granted one of the highest gallantry awards, the Kirti Chakra, becoming the first police officer to receive a medal previously given only as a military honour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3 deputies to reduce workload of NSA Ajit Doval". 26 October 2018. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ "डोवाल बने राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा सलाहकार" [Doval becomes National Security Advisor] (in Hindi). BBC. 31 May 2014. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2014. ...अजित कुमार डोवाल को प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी का राष्ट्रीय सुरक्षा सलाहकार...
  3. ^ Donthi, Praveen (September 2017). "Ajit Doval in theory and practice". The Caravan. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Doval laments Uttarakhand's poor pace of development, growth". Archived from the original on 24 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Top positions in country's security establishments helmed by men from Uttarakhand - Times of India". 21 December 2016. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Ajit Doval: The most powerful person in India after PM Modi". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  7. ^ Siraj Qureshi (6 December 2017). "Colleges, universities have responsibilities to impart skills to students: Ajit Doval". India Today.
  8. ^ "NSA Ajit Doval has a four-point mantra for success". www.hindustantimes.com/. 18 May 2018.
  9. ^ "India's 'human capital' can counter China's 'rare mineral wealth': NSA Ajit Doval". www.newindianexpress.com. 3 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Amity awards more than more than 7700 degrees and diplomas upon qualified graduands during the third day of Convocation 2018". alumni.amity.edu/. 3 November 2018.
  11. ^ https://www.theweek.in/news/india/2020/02/27/how-ajit-doval-the-centres-man-friday-suppressed-a-riot-in-kerala-in-1972.html
  12. ^ Ullekh, N. P. (19 June 2018). Kannur: Inside India's Bloodiest Revenge Politics. ISBN 9789353051051.
  13. ^ "James Bond: How 'Indian James Bond' Ajit Doval had managed riot-hit Thalassery | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  14. ^ a b c 'Bangladeshi infiltration is the biggest threat' Archived 9 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Rediff, 26 April 2006.
  15. ^ IA's Terror Trail by Anil Sharma (2014)
  16. ^ "Ajit Doval, giant among spies, is the new National Security Advisor". Archived from the original on 31 May 2014.
  17. ^ a b c d "Kandahar negotiator gets IB top post". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 8 July 2004. Archived from the original on 7 October 2008.
  18. ^ "Sikkim Day: How Sikkim Became a Part of India". The Quint. Retrieved 31 August 2017.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "M.K.Narayanan". 23 April 2010. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Return of the Superspy". newindianexpress.com. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016.
  21. ^ "The Brains Behind Modi Sarkar - Brijesh Singh - Tehelka - Investigations, Latest News, Politics, Analysis, Blogs, Culture, Photos, Videos, Podcasts". tehelka.com. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  22. ^ "Terrorist threat and response capability - India a year after". deccanherald.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2009.
  23. ^ "About Us". www.vifindia.org. 17 January 2017. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  24. ^ "Indian Black Money Abroad In Secret Banks and Tax Havens" (PDF).
  25. ^ "Bharatiya Janata Party". www.bjp.org. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Vivekananda International Foundation - Seeking Harmony in Diversity". vifindia.org. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014.
  27. ^ Working in real time Archived 16 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ "Power Shifts and International Order". ISF. Archived from the original on 30 August 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  29. ^ "NSA Doval went on secret mission to Iraq". The Hindu. 1 July 2014. Archived from the original on 1 March 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  30. ^ "Indian nurses freed in Iraq given rapturous home welcome". 5 July 2014. Archived from the original on 31 January 2016 – via www.bbc.com.
  31. ^ "Blow-by-blow account: How PM Modi, Ajit Doval & Army chief planned covert strike against militants". Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  32. ^ "70 commandos involved in Myanmar operation". Zee News. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  33. ^ "When Indian Army conducted surgical strike against NSCN(K) in June 2015". Times Now News. 12 January 2018.
  34. ^ "Myanmar operation: 70 commandos finish task in 40 minutes". Economic Times. 14 July 2018.
  35. ^ "NSA Ajit Doval, General Dalbir Singh planned retaliatory strike against militants - The Economic Times". indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015.
  36. ^ "Ajit Doval skipped Dhaka trip for Myanmar operations-IndiaTV News". indiatvnews.com. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015.
  37. ^ "Government denies India operation took place inside Myanmar". Myanmar Times. 11 June 2015.
  38. ^ "Myanmar denies Indian Army raid inside its territory". 11 June 2015. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015.
  39. ^ "NSA Doval's 'double squeeze' strategy will never succeed: Pak - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Ajit Doval likely to visit China: NSA's famed 'Doval doctrine' and deconstructing India's stand on Beijing". Firstpost. 14 July 2017. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  42. ^ George, Glenn (30 September 2016). "India's aggressive approach at border is the brainchild of NSA Ajit Doval". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  43. ^ "Power doctrine of Ajit Doval: Why it is much better than empty Gandhi-giri". Firstpost. 5 August 2015. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  44. ^ "Inside story of how India achieved breakthrough in Doklam border standoff with China". m.indiatoday.in. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  45. ^ "Doka La standoff: Ajit Doval proves it doesn't take a diplomat to resolve an international crisis". www.firstpost.com. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  46. ^ "Meet Prime Minister Modi's key men who cracked Doklam for him". m.indiatoday.in. Archived from the original on 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  47. ^ "NSA Ajit Doval to head new Strategic Policy Group established to assist National Security Council". www.indiatvnews.com. 9 October 2018.
  48. ^ "Abhinandan: Captured Indian pilot handed back by Pakistan". BBC News. 1 March 2019.
  49. ^ "Abhinandan: Crowds gather for Indian pilot's release". BBC News. 1 March 2019.
  50. ^ "Govt hails IAF pilot Abhinandan's release announcement as major victory for India". India Today. 28 February 2019.
  51. ^ "Doklam issue: Know about India's real-life James Bond who stared China down at Doklam".
  52. ^ Mehrotra, Akarsh (28 September 2015). "Meet Ajit Kumar Doval, The Indian James Bond You Probably Had No Idea About". www.scoopwhoop.com.
  53. ^ DelhiJune 3, India Today Web Desk New; June 3, 2019UPDATED; Ist, 2019 15:56. "Ajit Doval reappointed National Security Adviser, gets Cabinet rank in new Modi regime". India Today.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  54. ^ "After NSA Ajit Doval's intervention, Myanmar hands over 22 northeast insurgents wanted in India". Manish Shukla. 15 May 2020.
  55. ^ "HT Exclusive: Nudged by Ajit Doval, Myanmar army hands over 22 northeast insurgents". Shishir Gupta. 15 May 2020.
  56. ^ "NSA Ajit Doval walks out of virtual SCO meet after Pakistan projected 'fictitious' map". The Economic Times. 17 September 2020.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Shivshankar Menon
National Security Advisor
2014–present
Incumbent
Police appointments
Preceded by
K. P. Singh
Director of Intelligence Bureau
2004–2005
Succeeded by
E. S. L. Narasimhan