Touchet, Washington

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Touchet, Washington
Touchey looking toward main street IMG 1484.JPG
Location of Touchet, Washington
Location of Touchet, Washington
Coordinates: 46°2′22″N 118°40′15″W / 46.03944°N 118.67083°W / 46.03944; -118.67083Coordinates: 46°2′22″N 118°40′15″W / 46.03944°N 118.67083°W / 46.03944; -118.67083
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyWalla Walla
Area
 • Total1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Land1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
443 ft (135 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total421
 • Density326.1/sq mi (125.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
99360
Area code509
FIPS code53-72030[1]
GNIS feature ID1509053[2]

Touchet (/ˈtʃi/ TOO-shee) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Walla Walla County, Washington, United States. The population was 421 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Prior to removal to reservations, there was a village of Walla Walla people located near the present townsite. This site was called Tuushi, meaning "baking salmon on sticks over coals", a name based on a coyote myth.[3] Bands of Palouse, Yakamas, Umatilla, Walla Walla and Wanapum, that used this area were collectively called Nez Perce by Lewis and Clark when they passed through the Walla Walla Valley on their return journey in 1806.[4][5]

Settlers from the east came to the valley in the early 1850s, but shortly left due to conflicts with the Native people. Homesteaders returned to the valley in 1859.[6]

The Walla Walla & Columbia River Railroad from Wallula to Walla Walla was not completed until 1875, but by March 1874, 16 miles of track were completed up to Touchet. By the end of that year Touchet farmers shipped 4,000 tons of wheat and received 1,100 tons of merchandise.[7]

Touchet has never been officially incorporated.

Geography[edit]

Touchet is located at 46°2′22″N 118°40′15″W / 46.03944°N 118.67083°W / 46.03944; -118.67083 (46.039402, -118.670971).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Touchet has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 396 people, 135 households, and 112 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 326.1 people per square mile (126.4/km²). There were 140 housing units at an average density of 115.3/sq mi (44.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.68% White, 0.76% Native American, 4.29% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.66% of the population.

There were 135 households out of which 48.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 34.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $37,500, and the median income for a family was $50,278. Males had a median income of $37,031 versus $22,115 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,684. About 10.9% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 27.0% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ E.S Hunn, E. T. Morning Owl, P.E. Cash Cash, J. K. Engum (2015) "Caw Pawa Laakni They are Not Forgotten", Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
  4. ^ Dougherty, Phil (July 11, 2006). "Columbia County — Thumbnail History". HistoryLink. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080528205728/http://www.wwvchamber.com/index.html?s=1&c=59&p=224. Archived from the original on May 28, 2008. Retrieved October 10, 2008. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Paulus Jr., Michael J. (February 13, 2008). "Columbia County is formed on November 11, 1875". HistoryLink. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  7. ^ Gibson, Elizabeth (March 7, 2006). "Walla Walla & Columbia River Railroad is completed from Wallula to Walla Walla on October 23, 1875". HistoryLink. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Touchet, Washington Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved March 19, 2016.