Malcolm Sim Longair
18 May 1941
|Awards||Britannica Award (1986)|
|Thesis||The evolution of radio galaxies (1967)|
|Doctoral advisor||Martin Ryle|
Malcolm Sim Longair  (born 18 May 1941) is a British physicist. From 1991 to 2008 he was the Jacksonian Professor of Natural Philosophy in the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge. Since 2016 he has been editor-in-chief of the Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society.
He was born on 18 May 1941, and educated at Morgan Academy, Dundee, Scotland. He graduated in Electronic Physics from Queen's College, Dundee, which later became the University of Dundee, but was then part of the University of St Andrews, in 1963. He became a research student in the Radio Astronomy Group of the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, where he completed his PhD in 1967 supervised by Martin Ryle.
Career and research
He held a Fellowship of the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 from 1966 to 1968 and was a Fellow of Clare Hall, Cambridge from 1967 to 1980. He has held visiting professorships at the California Institute of Technology (1972), the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (1978), the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (1990) and the Space Telescope Science Institute (1997). From 1980 to 1990, he held the joint posts of Astronomer Royal for Scotland, Regius Professor of Astronomy of the University of Edinburgh and Director of the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. He is a Professorial Fellow and Vice-President of Clare Hall, Cambridge. He was Deputy Head of the Cavendish Laboratory with special responsibility for the teaching of physics from 1991 to 1997, and Head of the Cavendish Laboratory from 1997 to 2005.
Longair's primary research interests are in the fields of high-energy astrophysics and astrophysical cosmology. He has written eight books and many articles on this work. His most recent publication is the second edition of his Theoretical Concepts in Physics, released in December 2003. His other interests include music, mountain walking (completing the Munros in 2011), art, architecture and golf. As of 2017[update] he is the editor-in-chief of the Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society and has authored or co-authored biographies of John E. Baldwin, Vitaly Ginzburg, Brian Pippard, Geoffrey Burbidge and David J. C. MacKay.
- High Energy Astrophysics: Volume 1, Particles, Photons and their Detection (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press. 2011. ISBN 0521756189. 2nd: pbk, 1992, 440pp., ISBN 0521387736
- The Cosmic Century: A History of Astrophysics and Cosmology. Cambridge University Press. 2006. ISBN 0521474361.
- High Energy Astrophysics: Volume 2, Stars, the Galaxy and the Interstellar Medium (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. 1994. ISBN 0521435846.
- Theoretical Concepts in Physics: An Alternative View of Theoretical Reasoning in Physics. Cambridge University Press. 1984. ISBN 0521255503. revised and enlarged 2nd edition: 2003, 588pp., ISBN 0521821266
- Our Evolving Universe (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. 1996. ISBN 0521550912.
- Maxwell's Enduring Legacy: A Scientific History of the Cavendish Laboratory. Cambridge University Press. 2016. ISBN 9781107083691.
- Longair, Malcolm S (2008), "Maxwell and the science of colour", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences (published 28 May 2008), 366 (1871), pp. 1685–96, Bibcode:2008RSPTA.366.1685L, doi:10.1098/rsta.2007.2178, PMID 18222905
Awards and honours
Longair has received numerous awards, including:
- 1986 - the first Britannica Award for the Dissemination of Learning and the Enrichment of Life
- 1990 - In December 1990, he delivered the series of Royal Institution Christmas Lectures for Young People on television on the topic 'The Origins of Our Universe'.
- 1991 - From 1991 to 1992 he was President of the Physics Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.
- 1994 - Awarded the 1994 Science Prize of the Saltire Society-Royal Bank of Scotland Annual award.
- 1994 - Chairman of the Gemini Board, the international project to build 8-metre telescopes in the northern and southern hemispheres, for the years 1994 and 1995.
- 1995 - In 1995, he was Selby Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and took a lecture demonstration entitled 'Measuring the Fundamentals' around all the state capitals of Australia.
- 1995 - Chairman of the Space Telescope Science Institute Council for 1995–6.
- 1996 - President of the Royal Astronomical Society 1996–8.
- 2000 - Appointed CBE in the 2000 New Year Honours List.
- 2004 - Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS).
- Anon (2017) "Longair, Prof. Malcolm Sim". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) ‹See Tfd›doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.24899 (subscription required)
- Malcolm Longair at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Dunlop, James Scott (1987). The high-redshift evolution of radio galaxies and quasars (PhD thesis). University of Edinburgh. OCLC 22336169. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.381665.
- Lilly, Simon (1983). Evolution of radio galaxies (PhD thesis). University of Edinburgh. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.347938. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Anon (2004). "Professor Malcolm Longair CBE FRS". royalsociety.org. London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:
"All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Malcolm Longair at IMDb
- Hughes, David H.; Serjeant, Stephen; Dunlop, James; Rowan-Robinson, Michael; Blain, Andrew; Mann, Robert G.; Ivison, Rob; Peacock, John; Efstathiou, Andreas; Gear, Walter; Oliver, Seb; Lawrence, Andy; Longair, Malcolm; Goldschmidt, Pippa; Jenness, Tim (1998). "High-redshift star formation in the Hubble Deep Field revealed by a submillimetre-wavelength survey". Nature. 394 (6690): 241–247. arXiv:astro-ph/9806297. Bibcode:1998Natur.394..241H. doi:10.1038/28328. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Malcolm Longair publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- "Emeritus Jacksonian Professor of Natural Philosophy". phy.cam.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Longair, Malcolm (2017). "Editorial". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 63: 1–6. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0030. ISSN 0080-4606.
- "Birthday's today". The Telegraph. London. 18 May 2011. Archived from the original on 11 June 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
Prof M.S. Longair, astronomer, 70CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Longair, Malcolm Sim (1967). The evolution of radio galaxies (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 657635513.
- Longair, M. S. (2011). "John Evan Baldwin. 6 December 1931 -- 7 December 2010". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2011.0011.
- Longair, M. S. (2011). "Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg. 4 October 1916 – 8 November 2009". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 57: 129–146. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2011.0002. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Longair, M. S.; Waldram, J. R. (2009). "Sir Alfred Brian Pippard. 7 September 1920 -- 21 September 2008". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 55: 201–220. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2009.0014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Longair, Malcolm; Rees, Martin (2017). "Geoffrey Ronald Burbidge. 24 September 1925 – 26 January 2010". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0002. ISSN 0080-4606. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Longair, Malcolm; Cates, Michael (2017). "Sir David John Cameron MacKay FRS. 22 April 1967 – 14 April 2016". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0013. ISSN 0080-4606. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Malcolm Longair" (PDF). ISAPP2012PARIS : International School on AstroParticle Physics. Sciencesconf.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Longair, Malcolm S. "List of Publications" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Selby Fellowship". science.org.au. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)